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Alphabet

Turkish alphabet consists of 29 letters - 8 vowels and 21 consonants.
Each letter has exactly one associated sound which never changes.

Three letters of the English alphabet are missing in the Turkish alphabet.

  1. (Q-q)
  2. (W-w)
  3. (X-x)

 

There are seven additional characters not found in the English alphabet.

  1. (Ç-ç)
  2.  (Ğ-ğ) 
  3.  (I-ı)
  4. (İ-i)
  5. (Ö-ö)
  6. (Ş-ş)
  7. (Ü-ü)
     

The letters of Turkish alphabet and the sounds associated with these are in the following table...

 

Letter Pronunciation
A, a

like the a in car

B, b like the b in bet
C, c like the g in gender
Ç, ç like the ch in chance
D, d like the d in debt
E, e like the e in less
F, f like the f in felony
G, g like the g in game
Ğ, ğ this is a very weak sound, not pronouncing at all will be ok
H, h like the h in hello
I, ı like the e in halted
İ, i like the ee in keen
J, j like the s in leisure
K, k

like the k in kelly

L, l like the l in lamb
M, m like the m in man
N, n like the n in neighbor
O, o like the a in ball
Ö, ö like the u in urge
P, p like the p in pen
R, r like the r in rent
S, s

like the s in send

Ş, ş like the sh in shed
T, t like the t in tennis
U, u like the oo in good
Ü, ü like the u in nude
V, v like the v in vent
Y, y like the y in yes
Z, z like the z in zen

 


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