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LESSON 7

LESSON 7 (Ders 7)

Possessive Suffixes

benim :            my, mine                    ___-(4´)m                    : my ___

senin :             your, yours                 ___-(4´)n                     : your ___(informal and singular)

onun :             his, her, its                 ___-(s)4´                     : his ___

bizim :             our, ours                     ___ -(4)m4´z               : our ___

sizin :               your, yours                     ­­­­­­­___-(4´)n4´z          : your___(formal and plural)         

onlar覺n :           their, theirs                     ___-l2r4´  /((s)             : their ___

Onlar覺n çocuu:  their child

Onlar覺n çocuklar覺: their children

If the word ends in a vowel we don´t need the vowel which is in the parenthesis at the beginning of the suffix, but 3rd person singular possessive suffix works a little differently. Since the third person singular suffix is a vowel itself, if the word ends in a vowel in that case we need the letter "s" as a consonant buffer, which is shown in  parenthesis. This shows us that consonant and vowel letters are following one another (except 3rd person plural).

To emphasize slightly or to make it clear we use both the possessive pronoun form such as  "benim ___4m", but in general using just the possessive ending on the noun  is enough. Colloquially it is also possible to use "benim ..." and the word is left without a suffix such as "benim ev, benim oda" instead of "benim evim, benim odam".

"pencil, pen":kalem

"work" : i

"friend": arkada

"garden": bahçe

(benim) kalemim

iim

arkada覺m

bahçem

(senin) kalemin

iin

arkada覺n

bahçen

(onun) kalemi

ii

arkada覺

bahçesi

(bizim) kalemimiz

iimiz

arkada覺m覺z

bahçemiz

(sizin) kaleminiz

iiniz

arkada覺n覺z

bahçeniz

(onlar覺n) kalemleri

ileri

arkadalar覺

Bahçeleri

Ad : name      ad覺m : my name

Isim : name:  There are a few words like “isim”, when the vowel beginning suffix is added, the last vowel of the word is ommited.

Some of the other words like “isim” are: ehir (city), nehir (river), burun (nose), omuz (shoulder)

Isim, ad: name

Ismim : my name

Ismin : your name (singular)

Ismi : his/ her name

Ismimiz : our name

Isminiz : your name (singular, formal) , plural

Isimleri : their name

Burun : nose;  Burnum : my nose

Omuz: shoulder; omzum: my shoulder

"child" : çocuk

"book" : kitap

"car": araba

"telephone": telefon

If the last letter is “k” and a vowel beginning suffix is placed , k turns to (soft g)

This rule is mostly used for the words having more than one syllable.

k-

p-b

 

 

Benim çocuum

kitab覺m

arabam

telefonum

Senin çocuun

kitab覺n

araban

Telefonun

Onun çocuu

kitab覺

arabas覺

Telefonu

Bizim çocuumuz

kitab覺m覺z

arabam覺z

telefonumuz

Sizin çocuunuz

kitab覺n覺z

araban覺z

telefonunuz

Onlar覺n /çocuklar覺

kitaplar覺

arabalar覺

telefonlar覺

 

"iron" : ütü               Plural : kalemler

(benim )ütüm                          kalemlerim

(senin) ütün                            kalemlerin                             

(onun) ütüsü                           kalemleri                               

(bizim) ütümüz                        kalemlerimiz                          

(sizin) ütünüz                          kalemleriniz                                    .

(onlar覺n) ütüleri                      kalemleri

Note: “su” is an exception. Suyum, suyun, suyu, suyumuz,suyunuz, sular覺.

Benim elma suyum: My apple juice Portakal suyun: Your orange juice.

 

Beyaz: white; kutu : box;  çiçek: flower

Bu kalem benim                                       :This pen (pencil) is mine.

Bu benim kalemim                                     :This is my pencil.

u kitap senin                                         :That book is yours.

u senin kitab覺n                                       :That is your book.

O masa onun                                           :That table is his (hers).

O onun masas覺                                         :That is his/ her table.

Bu kutular bizim                                        :These boxes are ours.

Bunlar bizim kutular覺m覺z                               : These are our boxes.

Mektup sizin :                                           The letter is yours.

Sizin mektubunuz :                                   (it is) your letter.

Çiçekler onlar覺n :                                      The flowers are theirs.

Onlar覺n çiçekleri :                                      (they are) their flowers.

(Benim) kalemim yeni :                                My pen is new.

(Senin) kitab覺n nerede? :                            Where is your book?

(Onun) masas覺 büyük :                               His table is big.

(Bizim) evimiz eski :                                  Our house is old.

(Sizin) mektubunuz burada :                       Your letter is here.

(Onlar覺n) arabas覺 beyaz :                            Their car is white.

(Onlar覺n) arabalar覺 beyaz :                          Their cars are white.

When we say "arabalar覺" it may mean their car or their cars. If we say at the beginning "onlar覺n" and "arabas覺" we know definitely it is singular (one car), but if we say just "arabalar覺" without saying "onlar覺n" then it may mean either. We understand  from the sentence what is really meant (by the general context).

Question : "-m4"

Benim mi? :                                       Is it mine?

Kalem benim mi?:                               Is the pen mine?

Kitap kimin?:                                     Whose book is this?

Kim?: Who?                                       Kimin?: Whose?

When we have a question word we can not use the suffix -m4.as we know.

Masa onlar覺n m覺? :                             Is the table theirs?

Kutu kimin? Sizin mi? :                        Whose  box is (this )? Is it yours?

Mektup bizim mi? :                            Is the letter ours? (Does it belong to us?)

Ütü onun mu? :                                Is the iron hers?

Bahçe sizin deil. :                             The garden is not yours.

Bahçe sizin deil mi? :                         Isn´t the garden yours?

Çay: tea

Çay benim deil. :                              The tea is not mine.

Çay benim deil mi? :                        Isn´t the tea mine?

Gazete onun deil mi? :         Isn´t the newspaper his (hers)?

----D2 + ki : the one which is --- (at, on, in)

"ki" is mostly used after -D2´ (locative) or after possessive adjectives such as benim, senin,.../"benimki : the one which is mine", "seninki :  the one which is yours".

burada :          here     /           buradaki :   the one which is here

köe :              corner/ köedeki :   the one which (that) is at the corner.

kap覺 :               door    /           kap覺daki :   the one at the door

oradaki / uradaki : the one that is there.

The word with "___-D2ki" is used in front of the noun or by itself, then it replaces the noun.

Buradaki kalem :                    The pen that is here.

Köedeki araba :                    The car that is at the corner.

Buradaki kalem benim :           The pen that is here is mine.

Köedeki araba bizim :            The car that is at the corner is ours.

If the pen (kalem) or car (araba, otomobil) was mentioned before there is no need to repeat it again. Then we say in a short way:

Buradaki benim :                   The one here is mine.

Köedeki bizim :                     The one at the corner is ours.

The plural form is:      Buradakiler :  The ones here

Köedekiler :   The ones at the corner.

Question:        Hangi :              Which

Hangisi :                                 Which one (of them)

Hangi kalem iyi? :                      Which pen is good?

Buradaki iyi / Buradaki kalem iyi.

Hangisi iyi? :  Which one is good?

As we know -(s)4 is 3rd person singular possessive. Hangileri "-l2r4" is 3rd person plural possessive.

Hangileri iyi? :                                   Which ones are good?

Buradakiler iyi :                                 The ones here are good.

Benimki iyi :                                       Mine is good.

Benimkiler iyi :                                   Mine are good.

Sizinki :                                            The one that is yours.

Sizinki, (sizinkiler) nas覺l?:                      How is (are) yours?

Bizimki nerede ? :                              Where is ours?

Plural:Bizimkiler nerede? :                    Where are ours?

Onunki / seninki / onlar覺nki   His/Yours/Theirs

Possessive+ var : to have

Possessive + yok: not to have

(Benim) kalemim var : I have (a) pen (pencil)

(Benim) arabam yok :  I don’t have (a) car

(Senin) kitab覺n var : You have (a) book

(Senin)  defterin yok : You don’t have (a ) notebook

(Onun) arkadavar : He has (a) friend

(Onun) kardeleri var: he has brothers/sisters.

(Onun) çocuu yok :He doesn’t have a child

(Bizim) bahçemiz yok : We don’t have (a ) garden

(Sizin) gazeteniz var m覺?  : Do you have (a) newspaper?

(Sizin) komunuz yok mu? : Don’t you have (a) neighbor

(Onlar覺n) telefonu var m覺? : Do they have (a) telephone?

(Onlar覺n) arabalar覺 yok mu? Don’t they have (a ) car/cars?

 

Nouns,pronouns with “D2” (D2 is stressed. )

Bende: at me, on me ,at my place, I have it.

Sende, o(n)da, bizde, sizde, onlarda

Kaleminiz bende: I have your pen, pencil

Gazetem sende mi? : Do you have my paper?

Kitaplar o(n)da  : he has the books

Çocuklar bizdeler:Children are in our house (place)

Mektuplar sizde mi?: Do you have the letters?

Haber: News       Haber onlarda: They have the news.

Bilet : Ticket       Biletim onlarda m覺? Do they have my ticket?

Mektubunuz bende deil: I don’t have your letter.

Ali bey sizde deil mi? Isn’t Ali bey in your house?

Defterler öretmende: The teacher has the notebooks.

Gazeteler kimde: Aye’de mi?: Who has the newspapers? Does Aye have them?

Possessive suffixes +VPE

Ben sizin öretmeninizim: I’m your teacher

Siz benim komumsunuz: You are my neighbour

Onlar bizim arkadalar覺m覺z: They are our friends

Biz onlar覺n yan覺nday覺z: We are  beside them.

Siz bizim dostumuzsunuz: you are our friend

 

DIALOGUE

BU K襤M襤N?

Anne: Bu çoraplar kimin?

Çocuk: Onlar benim

Anne: Bu kitaplar kimin?

Çocuk: Onlar kardeimin kitaplar覺. Dokunma.

Anne: Ama salon çok da覺n覺k, hadi toplay覺n.

Çocuk: Bak senin örgülerin de burada!

 

WHOSE THIS?

Mother: Whose are these socks?

Child: They are mine

Mother: Whose are these books?

Child: They are my brother’s, don’t touch.

Mother: But the living room is a mess,  hurry and tidy up.

Child: Look your knittings are here too!

EXERCICES

 

Please put the correct possessive suffixe.

p                     b          k                     ç                c 

Benim araba….       (car)

Benim çocuk……………  (child)

Benim k覺z……………………..(daughter)

Benim mutfak……………. (kitchen)

Benim banyo……………………….(bathroom)

Senin  kitap……. (book)

Senin yatak…………………(bed)

Senin kutu………………….(box)

Senin çay…………………………………………(tea)

Onun  ev………….(house)

Onun bahçe………………..(garden)

Bizim masa……………(table)

Bizim lamba…...   (lamb)

Bizim  araba……. (car)

Sizin ders….    (lesson)

Sizin  yemek…… (meal)

Sizin bahçe……………   (garden)

Onlar覺n anne…………….   ((mother)

Onlar覺n kitaplar…………….(book)

 Onlar覺n köpek…………………….(dog)

Note: Senin çama覺r makinan……………………(wash machine)

 (Note : “çama覺r makinas覺 s覺” is removed and possessive suffixe replace)

襤n modified noun kalem  kutusu   :becomes  benim kalem  kutum : my pencil box

 

ANSWERS

1) benim arabam 2) benim çocuum 3) Benim k覺z覺m  4)benim mutfa覺m  59Benim banyom  6) senin kitab覺n  7) Senin yata覺n  8) Senin kutun 9) senin çay覺n  10) onun evi 11) onun bahçesi  12) bizim masam覺z 13) bizim lambam覺z 14) bizim arabam覺z  15) sizin dersiniz  16)sizin yemeiniz

17) sizin bahçeniz 18)onlar覺n anneleri 18)onlar覺n kitaplar覺 19)onlar覺n köpekleri

 

 


Bridget, alexandrabotez@, ode616, jassminche and Danko liked this lesson


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