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Turkish Grammar-6: Verbs-7.3

VERB yor ise m -yorsam if i am ...ing
VERB yor ise n -yorsan if you are ..ing
VERB yor ise   -yorsa if he is ...ing
VERB yor ise k -yorsak if we are ...ing
VERB yor ise niz -yorsan覺z if you are ...ing

VERB

VERB

yor

yor

ise

lar

ler

ise

-yorsalar

-yorlarsa*

if they are ...ing

 

*This type is preferred %99.

 

uyumak (to sleep)

istemek (to want)

kahve (the coffee)

içmek (to drink)

 

iste+yor ise+n------->istiyor isen---------->istiyorsan (if you want (direct: if you are wanting))

iç+me+- ----------------------------------->içme (don´t drink)

 

uyumak istiyorsan (if you want to sleep)

kahve içme (don´t drink coffee)

 

Uyumak istiyorsan kahve içme. (Don´t drink coffee if you want to sleep)

 

anlamak (to understand)

tekrar, yine, yeniden, gene (again)

anlatmak (to tell)

 

anla+ma+yor ise+n------>anlam覺yor isen----------->anlam覺yorsan (if you don´t understand (direct: if you aren´t understanding))

anlat+r+im------------------------------------------>anlat覺r覺m (i tell)

 

Anlam覺yorsan tekrar anlat覺r覺m. (I tell again if you don´t understand)

 

her (every)

akam (the evening)

kitap (the book)

okumak (to read)

bu (this)

al覺kanl覺k (the habit)

 

oku+yor ise+k--------->okuyor isek---------------->okuyorsak (if we are reading)

al覺kanl覺k+dir---------->al覺kanl覺kt覺r

 

Her akam kitap okuyorsak bu bir al覺kanl覺kt覺r. (This is a habit if we are reading book in every evening.) ("-dir" was used here to express a general feature. In other words, it was used for generalization)

 

sevmek (to love)

kesinlikle, mutlaka (certainly)

söylemek (to say, to tell)

 

sev+yor ise+m----------->seviyor isem------------>seviyorsam (if i´m loving)

bu+i(accusative)-------->bunu

o+a(dative)-------------->ona (to him,her,it)

söyle+r+im--------------->söylerim (i say)

 

Seviyorsam bunu ona mutlaka söylerim. (I say this to her certainly if I am loving)

 

acele etmek (to hurry)

sebep, neden (the reason, the cause)

 

et+me+yor+lar ise------->etmiyorlar ise--->etmiyorlarsa (if they aren´t making)

bir sebebi var (it has a cause)

var+d覺r------------------>vard覺r

 

Acele etmiyorlarsa bir sebebi vard覺r. (1It has always a cause certainly if they are not hurrying. (if you use "-dir" for generalization, 2It may have a cause if they are not hurrying. (if you use "-dir" for guessing))

 

Türkçe (Turkish language)

örenmek (to learn)

ünlü (the vowel)

uyum (the harmony)

mutlaka, kesinlikle (certainly)

 

ören+yor ise+niz------->öreniyor iseniz--->öreniyorsan覺z (if you are learning)

ünlü uyum+lar+覺(poss.)+覺(accusative)-------->ünlü uyumlar覺n覺 (the vowel harmonies)

ören+in(imperative for 2nd plural)---------->örenin (learn)

 

Türkçe öreniyorsan覺z ünlü uyumlar覺n覺 mutlaka örenin. (Learn the vowel harmonies certainly if you are learning Turkish.)

 

zor (difficult)

gelmek (1to come, 2...3...4...5to be (with an adjective), 6...7.)

yard覺m (the help)

yard覺m etmek (to help)

tabiî, tabiî ki (of course, absolutely)

 

gel+yor ise---------->geliyor ise------------>geliyorsa (if it is coming)

et+r+im------------->ederim

iste+yor ise+n------->istiyor isen------------>istiyorsan (if you want)

 

Zor geliyorsa yard覺m ederim, tabiî ki istiyorsan. (I help if it is difficult, if you want of course. (direct: if it is coming difficult, i help; of course, if you are wanting))

 

ne kadar (how much)

gerekmek (to be needed, to be necessary)

almak (1to take, 2to buy, 3..4...5.)

 

gerek+yor ise------->gerekiyor ise---------->gerekiyorsa (if it is needed)

al+- --------------->take

 

Ne kadar gerekiyorsa al. (Take, how much it is being needed (direct: Take if how much is it being needed))

 

pasta (the cake)

dilim (the slice)

yemek (to eat)

kaç tane (how many)

istemek (to want)

 

pasta+dan(ablative)----------------------->pastadan (from the cake)

iste+yor ise+n--------->istiyor isen-------->istiyorsan (if you are wanting)

 

-Pastadan bir dilim yiyebilir miyim? (May I eat a slice of cake?)

-Kaç tane istiyorsan yiyebilirsin. (You can eat how many you want to eat. (direct: You can eat if how many do you want))

 

nas覺l (how)

istemek (to want)

öyle (like that, so)

yapmak (to do)

 

iste+yor ise+n-------->istiyor isen-------->istiyorsan (if you are wanting)

yap- ---------------->yap (do)

 

Nas覺l istiyorsan öyle yap. (Do however you want. (direct: Do if how do you want))

 

bilmek (to know)

siz (we)

tabiî, tabiî ki (of course)

aç覺klamak (1to explain, 2to clarify)

 

bil+yor ise+k---------->biliyorsak (if we know (direct: if we are knowing))

siz+e(dative) de(also)->size de (to you too)

aç覺kla+r+iz------------>aç覺klar覺z (we explain)

 

Biliyorsak size de aç覺klar覺z tabiî ki. (We explain to you too of course if we know)

 

nere (which place, where)

gitmek (to go)

sen (you)

götürmek (to take to, to take away)

memnun, honut (glad)

 

nere+e(dative)-------->nere, nereye (to which place, where)

git+yor ise+k---------->gidiyorsak (if we are going)

sen+i(accusative)----->seni (you)

götür+yor+iz------------>götürüyoruz (we are taking away)

deil mi+sin------------->deil misin? (aren´t you?)

 

nere gidiyorsak (if where are we going)

seni de (you too)

 

Nere gidiyorsak seni de götürüyoruz. Memnun deil misin? (We are taking you wherever we are going. Aren´t you glad? (direct: We are taking you away if where are we going. ...)

 

insan (the human)

hangi (which)

dil (1the tongue, 2the language)

ile ilgili (about ..., connected with ..., related to ...)

kaynak (the resource)

arat覺rmak (to search, to research)

 

insan+lar----------------------->insanlar (people)

dil+i(accusative)---------------->dili

ören+yor+lar ise--------------->öreniyorlarsa (if they are learning)

onun ile ilgili-------------------->onunla ilgili (about it, connected with it)

arat覺r+r------------------------->arat覺r覺r (he researches)

 

hangi dili öreniyorlarsa (whichever language they are learning (direct: if which language are they learning))

onunla ilgili kaynaklar (resources about it)

 

襤nsanlar hangi dili öreniyorlarsa onunla ilgili kaynaklar arat覺r覺r. (People research resources about whichever language they are learning (direct: people search resources about it if which language they are learning))

 

hoca (the one who teaches something (teacher, imam, coach etc.))

ertelemek (to delay, to put off)

demek (to say)

bence (in my opinion)

bu (this)

iyi (good)

iaret (the sign)

iyiye iaret olmak (to bode well (direct: to be sign to the good))

 

s覺nav+覺(accusative)------------------->s覺nav覺

ertele+di+m--------------------------->erteledim (i delayed)

de+yor ise---------------------------->diyorsa (if he is saying)

iyi+e(dative)-------------------------->iyiye (to the good)

 

Hoca "S覺nav覺 erteledim" diyorsa bence bu iyiye iaret deil. (It isn´t boding well in my opinion if the teacher says "I put the exam off" (direct: If the teacher is saying "I delayed the exam", in my opinion, this is not a sign to the good))

 

ne kadar (how much)

bilmek (to know)

o kadar (that much)

yapmak (to do)

 

bil+yor ise+k------------------>biliyorsak (if we know)

yap+ecek+iz------------------>yapaca覺z (we will do)

 

Ne kadar biliyorsak o kadar yapaca覺z. (We will do how much we know (direct: we will do if how much we know))


Amanigiadwi, Moha-ios and zizi76 liked this lesson


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