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Turkish Grammar-6: Verbs-7.10

VERB di ise m -diysem if I have ...ed
VERB di ise n -diysen if you have ...ed
VERB di ise
-diyse if he has ...ed
VERB di ise k -diysek if we have ...ed
VERB di ise niz -diyseniz if you have ...ed

VERB

VERB

di

di

ise

ler

ler

ise

-diyseler

-dilerse*

if they have ...ed

 

*This is preferred much more.

 

özür dilemek (i apologize)

rahats覺z etmek (1to offend, 2to disturb)

 

özür dile+r+im------------->özür dilerim (excuse me, sorry (direct: i apologize)

rahats覺z et+di+ise+m------->rahats覺z ettiysem (if I have offended)

 

Rahats覺z ettiysem özür dilerim. (Excuse me if I have offended you)

 

yeni (new)

ev (the home, the house)

ta覺nmak (to move (reflexive))

yar覺n (tomorrow)

hay覺rl覺 olsun (it is said to someone for what he bought or got. for ex: you bought a car. i say to you "hay覺rl覺 olsun" when i saw the car at first time. another example: you got married or graduated from the school, or started your job etc.. i say to you "hay覺rl覺 olsun" when i learn at first time.)

gitmek (to go)

 

yeni ev+e-------------------------->yeni eve (to the new house)

ta覺n+d覺+lar+ise--------------------->ta覺nd覺larsa (if they have moved)

hay覺rl覺 olsun+e(dative)----------------------->hay覺rl覺 olsun´a (to(dative) say "hay覺rl覺 olsun")

hay覺rl覺 olsun´a gitmek (to visit somebody to wish good luck when he/they got an important new thing)

hay覺rlamak (to say "hay覺rl覺 olsun" to something)

 

Yeni eve ta覺nd覺larsa yar覺n hay覺rl覺 olsun´a gidelim (Let´s visit them to wish good luck tomorrow if they have moved into the new house.)

 

anlamak (to understand)

tekrar, yine, yeniden, gene (again)

aç覺klamak (to explain)

 

anla+ma+d覺+ise+niz------------------------->anlamad覺ysan覺z (if you haven´t understood)

aç覺kla+r+覺m--------------------------------->aç覺klar覺m (i explain)

 

Anlamad覺ysan覺z tekrar aç覺klar覺m. (I explain again if you haven´t understood.)

 

ac覺kmak (to get hungry)

yemek (1to eat, 2the meal)

yapmak (to do)

 

ac覺k+d覺+ise+n-------------------------->ac覺kt覺ysan (if you have got hungry)

yap+acak+覺m--------------------------->yapaca覺m (i will do)

 

Ac覺kt覺ysan yemek yapaca覺m. (I will cook meal if you have got hungry.)

 

eker (the sugar)

güzel (beautiful, nice)

beenmek (to like)

bir tane (only one (as countable quantity))

daha (more)

almak (1to take, 2to buy, 3..4...5)

 

eker+ler-------------------------------->ekerler (the sugars)

güzel+mi------------------------------->güzelmi

been+di+ise+n-------------------------->beendiysen (if you have liked)

bir tane daha (one more)

al+-------------------------------------->take

 

A: ekerler çok güzelmi. (The sugars are so delicious.) (A noticed they are delicious, and therefore used "-mi")

B: Beendiysen bir tane daha al. (Take one more if you have liked.)

 

hemen imdi, daha imdi, imdiden (just now)

yorulmak (to get tired)

oraya (to that place, there)

zaman覺nda (on time)

nas覺l (how)

varmak, ulamak (to arrive, to reach)

 

yorul+d覺+ise+k--------------------->yorulduysak (if we have got tired)

var+acak+覺z----------------------->varaca覺z (we will arrive)

 

imdiden yorulduysak oraya zaman覺nda nas覺l varaca覺z? (How will we arrive there on time if we have already got tired now?)

 

cam (the glass)

kim (who)

kirletmek (to make dirty)

temizlemek (to clean)

 

kirlet+di+ise---------------------------->kirlettiyse (if he has got dirty)

 

Cam覺 kim kirlettiyse temizlemeli. (Who has got dirty this glass must clean)

 

ne (what)

söylemek (to say, to tell)

tekrar etmek (to repeat)

duymak (to hear)

 

söyle+di+ise+n----------------------->söylediysen (if you have said)

tekrar et+--------------------------->tekrar et (repeat)

duy+ma+d覺+m------------------------>duymad覺m (i didn´t hear)

 

Ne söylediysen tekrar et, duymad覺m. (Repeat whatever you have said; I didn´t hear.)

 

ne (what)

gerekmek (to be needed, to be necessary)

yapmak (to do)

 

gerek+di+ise-------------------------->gerektiyse (if it has been needed)

yap+d覺+k----------------------------->yapt覺k (we did)

 

Ne gerektiyse yapt覺k. (We did what has been needed)

 

kim (who)

görmek (to see)

hepsi (all of them)

selam vermek (to say hello)

 

kim+i(accusative)-------------------->kimi (whom)

gör+di+ise--------------------------->gördüyse (if he has seen)

hepsi+e(dative)---------------------->hepsine (to all of them)

ver+di------------------------------->verdi (he gave)

 

Kimi gördüyse hepsine selam verdi. (He said hello all whom he has seen)

 

ne (what)

bulmak (to find)

getirmek (to bring)

 

bul+d覺+ise-------------------------->bulduysa (if he has found)

getir+di---------------------------->getirdi (he brought)

 

Ne bulduysa getirdi. (He brought what he has found.)


Khayrul Haq, mira 25, rubaniah, Moha-ios and Monken liked this lesson


View all intermediate level lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View all lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

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