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the patterns of -dik -3

VERB dik POSSESSIVE SUFFIX ACCUSATIVE SUFFIX THE RESULT APPROXIMATELY

dik m i -diimi the fact that/what I ...
  dik n i -diini the fact that/what you ...
  dik i i -diini the fact that/what he ...
  dik miz i -diimizi the fact that/what we ...
  dik niz i -diinizi the fact that/what you ...
  dik leri i -diklerini the fact that/what they ...

 

The time (tense) is not very important here. The event or thing is important.

 

söylemek (to say, to tell)

anlamak (to understand)

 

söyle+dik+m+i----------------------->söylediimi

anla+yor mu+sun-------------------->anl覺yor musun? (do you understand? (are you understanding?)

 

Söylediimi anl覺yor musun? (1Do you understand what I am saying?, 2Do you understand that I am saying?)

 

You can use "ne (what)" to remove the ambiguity)

 

Ne söylediimi anl覺yor musun? (Do you understand what I am saying?)

 

anla+d覺+n m覺?------------------------->anlad覺n m覺? (did you understand?)

 

Ne söylediimi anlad覺n m覺? (Did you understand what I said/was saying ?)

 

Türkçe

örenmek (to learn)

bilmek (to know)

 

ören+dik+n+i------------------------->örendiini

bil+me+yor idi+m----------------------->bilmiyordum (i didn´t know (direct: i wasn´t knowing))

 

Türkçe örendiini bilmiyordum. (1I didn´t know you have learnt Turkish. 2I didn´t know you learn/are learnng Turkish.)

 

bakmak (to look)

fark etmek (to notice)

 

biz+e(dative)-------------------------------->bize (to us)

bak+d覺k+lar覺+覺-------------------------------->bakt覺klar覺n覺

fark et+di+m--------------------------------->fark ettik (we noticed)

 

Bize bakt覺klar覺n覺 fark ettim. (I noticed they are/were looking at us.)

 

You can put personal suffixes if an ambiguity happens or emphasize. Because this pattern is a possessive determiner, too.

 

kimse (1someone, 2no one)

söz etmek, bahsetmek (to talk about)

nas覺l (how)

bilmek (to know)

 

bu+dan(ablative)----------------------------->bundan (from this)

kimse+e(dative)------------------------------>kimseye (to no one)

bahset+me+dik+n+i--------------------------->bahsetmediini

 

Bundan kimseye bahsetmediini nas覺l bilebiliriz? (How can we know you have talked to no one about this?)

 

uyumak (to sleep)

sanmak, düünmek (to suppose, to think)

 

uyu+dik+n+i---------------------------->uyuduunu

san+m覺+d覺+k--------------------------->sanm覺t覺k (we had thought)

 

Uyuduunu sanm覺t覺k. (We had thought you were sleeping/you slept)

 

hasta (1sick, ill, 2the patient)

olmak (to be, ................................................)

kimse (1someone, 2no one)

söylemek (to say, to tell)

 

ol+dik+m+i---------------------------->olduumu

kimse+e(dative)----------------------->kimseye (to no one)

söyle+me+- -------------------------->söyleme (don´t say)

 

Benim hasta olduumu kimseye söyleme. (Say no one that I´m ill.)

 

öretmen (the teacher)

s覺n覺f (the class, the classroom)

girmek (1to come into, 2to enter, 3to join, 4...5.)

görmek (to see)

 

öretmen+in(genitive)---------------->öretmenin (of the teacher)

s覺n覺f+a(dative)----------------------->s覺n覺fa (to the classroom)

gir+dik+i+i--------------------------->girdiini

gör+me+di+k------------------------->görmedik (we didn´t see)

 

hocan覺n s覺n覺fa girdiini (the teacher´s fact that comes into the classroom)

 

Hocan覺n s覺n覺fa girdiini görmedik. (We didn´t see the teacher came into the classroom.)

 

aramak (1to look for, 2to call (by phone), 3...4...)

söylemek (to tell, to say)

 

sen+i(accusative)-------------------->seni(you (accusative))

ara+d覺k+lar覺+覺------------------------->arad覺klar覺n覺

söyle+di+ler-------------------------->söylediler (they said)

 

Seni arad覺klar覺n覺 söylediler. (They said they were looking for you/looked for you)

 

s覺nav (the exam)

kötü (bad)

puan, not (the point, the note)

almak (to take)

söylemek (to say, to tell)

 

s覺nav+dan(ablative)---------------------->s覺navdan (from the lesson)

al+d覺k+m+覺------------------------------->ald覺覺m覺

söyle+me+ecek+im----------------------->söylemeyeceim (i won´t say)

 

kötü not ald覺覺m覺 (the fact that I took bad point)

 

S覺navdan kötü not ald覺覺m覺 söylemeyeceim. (I won´t say that I took bad point from the lesson.)

 

dün (yesterday)

yapmak (to do)

bir daha, tekrar (one more, again)

 

yap+d覺k+n+覺---------------------------->yapt覺覺n覺

yap+ma-------------------------------->yapma (don´t do)

 

Dün yapt覺覺n覺 bir daha yapma. (Don´t do again what you did yesterday.)

 

onun (his)

yapmak (to do)

sen de (you too, also you)

zorunda olmak (to have to)

 

yap+d覺k+覺+覺----------------------------->yapt覺覺n覺

yapmak zorunda deil+sin---------------->yapmak zorunda deilsin (you don´t need to do, you don´t have to do)

 

Onun yapt覺覺n覺 sen de yapmak zorunda deilsin. (You don´t have to do, too, what he does/did) (there is no need so that you do the same thing)

 

yazmak (to write)

niye, neden (why?)

okumak (to read)

 

yaz+d覺k+lar+m覺z+覺---------------------------->yazd覺klar覺m覺z覺

oku+ma+d覺+n----------------------------->okumad覺n (you didn´t read)

 

Bizim yazd覺klar覺m覺z覺 neden okumad覺n? (Why didn´t you read what(plural) we have written.)

 

bu kadar (this much)

h覺zl覺 (fast)

komak (to run)

hiç (never)

görmek (to see)

 

ko+d覺k+n+覺------------------------------->kotuunu

gör+me+mi+di+m------------------------->görmemitim (i hadn´t seen)

 

Senin bu kadar h覺zl覺 kotuunu hiç görmemitim (I had never seen you run fast this much.)

 

ne (what)

demek (to say)

bilmek (to know)

fark覺nda olmak (to be aware)

 

de+dik+niz+i----------------------------->dediinizi

bil+me+yor+siniz------------------------->bilmiyorsunuz (you don´t know)

fark覺nda m覺+s覺n覺z------------------------->fark覺nda m覺s覺n覺z? (are you aware?)

 

Ne dediinizi bilmiyorsunuz, fark覺nda m覺s覺n覺z? (Are you aware of the fact that you don´t know what you are saying? / You don´t know what are you saying, are you aware?)

 

çikolata (the chocolate)

sevmek (to like, to love)

unutmak (to forget)

 

çikolata+覺 (accusative)-------------------->çikolatay覺 (the chocolate)

sev+me+dik+m+i-------------------------->sevmediimi

unut+d覺+n m覺------------------------------>unuttun mu? (did you forget?)

 

Çikolatay覺 sevmediimi unuttun mu? (Did you forget I don´t like the chocolate?)

 

hayal (the dream)

pilot (the pilot)

olmak (1to be, 2to become, 3....4...5...19)

mümkün (possible)

ilkokul (the primary school)

fark etmek (to notice, to observe, to realise)

 

hayal+m--------------------------------->hayalim (my dream)

olmak+idi-------------------------------->olmakt覺 (it was to be)

bu+覺n(genitive)--------------------------->bunun (of this)

bunun mümkün ol+ma+d覺k+覺+覺-------------->bunun mümkün olmad覺覺n覺 (the fact, that it is not possible, of this)

ilkokul+da-------------------------------->ilkokulda (in the primary school)

fark et+di+m----------------------------->fark ettim (i noticed)

 

Hayalim pilot olmakt覺 ama bunun mümkün olmad覺覺n覺 ilkokulda fark ettim. (My dream was to become a pilot but I noticed this is not possible at the primary school)


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