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Ablative Case (襤smin -den Hali - Ayr覺lma Hali)

There are many situations to use -den suffix. Here they are:



1- It shows you a place or a direction. Could be a place or a person. It´s in the element of the sentence that is found when you ask "nereden, kimden, neden" (from where, from whom, from what) questions to the verb.



Evden geliyorum. - I´m coming from home.

 

Bu kalemi Ali´den ald覺m. - I took this pen from Ali



2- It makes verbs.



Bu sevgi gönüldendir. - This love is from the heart.



3- It states a condition.



Yamur hafiften ya覺yor. - It´s lightly raining.

 

Ben onu yak覺ndan tan覺r覺m. - I know him closely



4- It shows supreiority or comparison.



Baldan tatl覺 - Sweeter than honey

 

Sibirya´dan souk yer yok - There´s no other place colder than Sybreria



5- It states that a part is out from the whole.



Pastadan bir dilim yedim - I ate a slice of the cake

 

Cevab覺 sözlerimden anla - Get the answer from my words



6- It connects nouns to prepositions and make preposition objects. (I´m afraid there´s no word to show it in this situation)



Sabahtan beri seni bekliyoruz - We´ve been waiting you since the morning

 

Yemekten sonra çay içer misin? - Do you drink tea after the dinner



7- It shows a reason.



S覺caktan bunald覺m. - I got exhausted from heat. (because of heat)



8- It is used as the possessive suffix of -in suffix in noun phrases.



Örencilerden biri güzel bir soru sordu - One of the students asked a good question.

 

Bunlardan hangisini beendin? - Which one of those you liked?



9- It´s become a suffix to make adjectives.



Sana içten bir selam söyledi - He sent his deepest regards (iç - inner, deep; içten - sincere, deepest)

 

S覺radan insanlar gibi olmay覺n - Don´t be like ordinary people (s覺ra - line, row; s覺radan - ordinary, common)



10- It makes doublings



Ülkemiz günden güne geliiyor - Our country is improving day by day 

 

Dünden bugüne çok ey deiti - A lot of things changed from yesterday till today.



11- It states the material that entities are made of.



Tahtadan k覺l覺çlarla oynuyorlard覺 - They were playing with wooden swords

 

Annesi yünden bir h覺rka giyiyor - Her mother is wearing a woolen cardigan



12- It´s added to time words to give time meaning.



Geceden yola ç覺kt覺lar - They departed at night time.

 

Bu ii dünden bitirmeliydik - We should have finished this work yesterday

Bridget, mira 25 and kashf-ul-eman liked this lesson


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