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ile - 1

 

THE LAST LETTER OF THE WORD IF YOU WANT TO WRITE AS SUFFIX RESULT
consonant -le/-la -le/-la
vowel -le/-la -yle/-yla

 

In the situation of vowel-ended, "i" of "ile" becomes "y". "-yle/-yla" bases on this event.

 

1

 

aile (the family)

 

aile+m-------------------->ailem (my family)

ailem ile = ailem+le-->ailemle (with my family)

aile+m+le+im-------------->ailemleyim (i´m with my family)

 

arkada (the friend)

arkada+lar--------------->arkadalar (the friends)

arkada+lar+la+覺m--------->arkadalarlay覺m (i´m with the friends)

 

kahvalt覺 (the breakfast)

çay (the tea)

genellikle, genelde (usually)

yapmak (1to do, 2to make,...)

 

kahvalt覺 yapmak (to have breakfast)

Türk+ler----------------------------->Türkler (Turks)

kahvalt覺+覺(accusative)---------------->kahvalt覺y覺 (the breakfast)

çay+la------------------------------->çayla (with the tea)

yap+r+lar---------------------------->yaparlar (they do)

 

Türkler kahvalt覺y覺 genelde çayla yaparlar. (The Turks usually have the breakfast with the tea.)

 

gösteri (1the demonstration, 2the show, 3the protest)

büyük (1big, 2great, 3older, ....)

dikkat (the attention)

izlemek (1to watch, 2to follow)

 

gösteri+i(acc.)---------------------->gösteriyi (the demonstration)

dikkat+le---------------------------->dikkatle ("dikkat" is an exception for the major vowel harmony, too)

izle+yor+di+k------------------------>izliyorduk (we were watching)

 

Gösteriyi büyük bir dikkatle izliyorduk. (We were watching the demonstration with a big attention.)

 

yanl覺l覺k (1the unexpected mistake, 2the error)

bura (this place, here)

gelmek (to come)

 

yanl覺l覺k+la-------------------------->yanl覺l覺kla (by mistake)

bura+a(dative)---------------------->buraya (here)

gel+di+ler--------------------------->geldiler (they came)

 

Yanl覺l覺kla buraya geldiler. (They came here by mistake.)

 

mitoloji (the mythology)

deiik (different)

dinî (religious)

inanç (the belief)

ilgilenmek (1to be interested in, 2to look at)

 

mitoloji+ile--------------------------->mitolojiyle (with the mythology)

inanç+lar+la------------------------->inançlarla (with the beliefs)

deiik dinî inançlarla (with the different religious beliefs)

ilgilen+yor+im------------------------>ilgileniyorum (i´m being interested)

 

Mitolojiyle ve deiik dinî inançlarla ilgileniyorum. (I´m being interested in the mythology and different religious beliefs.)

 

sar覺 (yellow)

gömlek (the shirt)

yar覺n (tomorrow)

mavi (blue)

deitirmek, deimek (to exchange)

 

gömlek+i(acc.)------------------------->gömlei

mavi+i(poss.)-------------------------->mavisi (the blue one)

mavi+i(poss.)+ile----------------------->mavisiyle (with the blue one)

dei+ecek+im------------------------->deieceim

 

Sar覺 gömlei yar覺n mavisiyle deieceim (I will exchange the yellow shirt for the blue one.)

 

If you use "ile" for the personal pronouns, you must use with possessive pronouns. It´s the same for "kim (who)" too. The exception is "onlar".

 

evlenmek (to get married)

 

senin+ile--------------------------->seninle (with you)

evlen+me+ecek+im----------------->evlenmeyeceim (i won´t get married)

 

Seninle evlenmeyeceim. (I won´t get married to you.)

 

okul (the school)

eer (if)

k覺yafet (the cloth)

gitmek (to go)

herkes (everybody)

dalga geçmek (to make fun)

 

okul+a(dative)---------------------->okula (to the school)

bu k覺yafet+le----------------------->bu k覺yafetle (with this cloth)

git+r+ise+k------------------------->gidersek (if we go)

bizim+le---------------------------->bizimle (with us)

dalga geç+ecek+ler----------------->dalga geçecekler (they will make fun)

 

Okula eer bu k覺yafetle gidersek herkes bizimle dalga geçecek. (Everybody will make fun of us if we go to the school with this cloth.)

 

konumak (1to speak, 2to talk)

 

benim+ile--------------------------->benimle (with me)

konu+ma-------------------------->konuma (don´t speak)

 

Benimle konuma. (Don´t talk to me)

 

üniversite (the university)

y覺l, sene (the year)

tan覺mak (to meet (to get information about each other for the first time))

 

onlar+ile--------------------------->onlarla (with them)

üniversite y覺l+lar+覺(poss.)----------->üniversite y覺llar覺 (the university years) (remember the indefinite possessive determiners)

üniversite y覺l+lar+覺+da-------------->üniversite y覺llar覺nda (in the university years)

tan覺+d覺+m------------------------>tan覺t覺m (i met)

tan覺+d覺+k------------------------->tan覺t覺k (we met)

"tan覺t覺m" and "tan覺t覺k" are the same here. 

 

Onlarla üniversite y覺llar覺nda tan覺t覺m. (I met them in the university years.)

 

ders (the lesson)

hoca (the teacher)

güncel (actual)

konu (the topic, the subject, the matter)

tart覺mak (1to discuss, 2to argue)

 

ders+ler+de------------------------>derslerde (in the lessons)

hoca+m覺z+ile----------------------->hocam覺zla (with our teacher)

güncel konular (actual topics)

tart覺+yor+iz----------------------->tart覺覺yoruz (we are discussing)

 

Derslerde hocam覺zla güncel konular tart覺覺yoruz. (We are discussing actual topics in the lessons with our teacher.)

 

deniz (the sea)

kim (who)

gitmek (to go)

kimse (1someone, 2nobody)

yaln覺z (1alone, 2lonely, 3but)

 

deniz+e(dative)-------------------->denize (to the sea)

kimin+le--------------------------->kiminle (with whom)

git+ecek+sin----------------------->gideceksin (you will go)

kimse+ile--------------------------->kimseyle (with no one)

git+me+ecek+im------------------->gitmeyeceim (i won´t go)

git+ecek+im------------------------>gideceim (i will go)

 

-Denize kiminle gideceksin? (With whom will you go to the sea?)

-Kimseyle gitmeyeceim. Yaln覺z gideceim. (I will go with no one. I will go alone.)

 

her ey (everything)

ayr覺nt覺 (the detail)

anlatmak (to tell)

 

sana (to you)

her ey+i(acc.)---------------------->her eyi

ayr覺nt覺+覺(poss.)---------------------->ayr覺nt覺s覺 (its detail)

ayr覺nt覺+覺(poss.)+ile------------------->ayr覺nt覺s覺yla (with its detail)

anlat+acak+覺m----------------------->anlataca覺m (i will tell)

 

Sana her eyi ayr覺nt覺s覺yla anlataca覺m, ama imdi deil. (I will tell everything to you at full length, but not now.)

 

dört (four)

y覺l, sene (the year)

arkada (the friend)

ve (and)

hep (everytime, always)

birbiri (each other)

çok iyi (very well)

anlamak (1to come to an agreement, 2to get on)

 

dört sene+dir------------------------->dört senedir (for four years)

arkada+lar--------------------------->arkadalar (1the friends, 2they are friends)

birbir+leri(poss.)+ile------------------->birbirleriyle (with each other)

anla+d覺+lar-------------------------->anlat覺lar

 

Dört senedir arkadalar ve birbirleriyle hep çok iyi anlat覺lar. (They are friends for four years and they have always got on with each other very well.)


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