Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

-ebilmek, -ememek - 1

It´s used to express the meanings of permission, guessing and possibility. In Turkish, you can conjugate this auxilarity verb with every tense. 

 

Let´s show affirmative and negative types with present simple tense.

 

VERB AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT SIMPLE PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -ebil r im -ebilirim I can ...
  -ebil r sin -ebilirsin you can ...
  -ebil r - -ebilir he can ...
  -ebil r iz -ebiliriz we can ...
  -ebil r siniz -ebilirsiniz you can ...
  -ebil r ler -ebilirler they can ...

 

Negative type of "-ebilmek" is "-ememek". Its own is in present simple tense directly.

 

VERB NEGATIVE PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -eme m -emem I can´t ...
  -eme zsin -emezsin you can´t ...
  -eme z -emez he can´t ...
  -eme iz -emeyiz we can´t ...
  -eme zsiniz -emezsiniz you can´t ...
  -eme zler -emezler they can´t ...

 

VERB AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT CONTINUOUS PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -ebil yor im -ebiliyorum I can ...
  -ebil yor sin -ebiliyorsun you can ...
  -ebil yor - -ebiliyor he can ...
  -ebil yor iz -ebiliyoruz we can ...
  -ebil yor siniz -ebiliyorsunuz you can ...
  -ebil yor lar -ebiliyorlar they can ...

 

VERB NEGATIVE PRESENT CONTINUOUS PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -eme yor im -emiyorum I can´t ...
  -eme yor sin -emiyorsun you can´t ...
  -eme yor - -emiyor he can´t ...
  -eme yor iz -emiyoruz we can´t ...
  -eme yor siniz -emiyorsunuz you can´t ...
  -eme yor lar -emiyorlar they can´t ...

 

-eme+yor-----> -emiyor

Do you remember the fact that "-y" of "yor" is making the large vowel narrow?

 

If you want, let´s show a few tense more and then let´s start to give example sentences.

 

VERB AFFIRMATIVE FUTURE TENSE PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -ebil ecek im -ebileceim I will be able to ...
  -ebil ecek sin -ebileceksin you will be able to ...
  -ebil ecek - -ebilecek he will be able to ...
  -ebil ecek iz -ebileceiz we will be able to ...
  -ebil ecek siniz -ebileceksiniz you will be able to ...
  -ebil ecek ler -ebilecekler they will be able to ...

 

VERB NEGATIVE FUTURE TENSE PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -eme ecek im -emeyeceim I won´t be able to ...
  -eme ecek sin -emeyeceksin you won´t be able to ...

-eme ecek - -emeyecek he won´t be able to ...
  -eme ecek iz -emeyeceiz we won´t be able to ...
  -eme ecek siniz -emeyeceksiniz you won´t be able to ...
  -eme ecek ler -emeyecekler they won´t eb able to ...

 

VERB AFFIRMATIVE SIMPLE PAST PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -ebil di m -ebildim I could ...
  -ebil di n -ebildin you could ...
  -ebil di - -ebildi he could ...
  -ebil di k -ebildik we could ...
  -ebil di niz -ebildiniz you could ...
  -ebil di ler -ebildiler they could ...

 

 

And let´s also give an example with compound tenses. I´m going to prefer to write the extra verb as suffix, i´m not going to write seperately.

 

VERB AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT CONTINUOUS idi PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -ebil yor du m -ebiliyordum I was being able to ...
  -ebil yor du n -ebiliyordun you were being able to ...
  -ebil yor du - -ebiliyordu he was being able to ...
  -ebil yor du k -ebiliyorduk we were being able to ...
  -ebil yor du nuz -ebiliyordunuz you were being able to ...
 

-ebil

-ebil

yor

yor

du

lar

lar

d覺

-ebiliyordular

-ebiliyorlard覺

they were being able to ...

 

 

 

VERB AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT SIMPLE idi PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -ebil r di m -ebilirdim

I could have ...

I was able to ...

  -ebil r di n -ebilirdin

you could have ...

you were able to ...

  -ebil r di - -ebilirdi

he could have ...

he was able to ...

  -ebil r di k -ebilirdik

we could have ...

we were able to ...

  -ebil r di niz -ebilirdiniz

you could have ...

you were able to ...

 

-ebil

-ebil

r

r

di

ler

ler

di

-ebilirdiler

-ebilirlerdi

they could have ...

they were able to ...

 

VERB NEGATIVE PRESENT SIMPLE idi PERSONAL SUFFIX RESULT IN ENGLISH
  -eme z di m -emezdim

I couldn´t have ...

I wasn´t able to ..

  -eme z di n -emezdin

you couldn´t have ...

you weren´t able to ...

  -eme z di - -emezdi

he couldn´t have ...

he wasn´t able to ...

  -eme z di k -emezdik

we couldn´t have ...

we weren´t able to ...

  -eme z di niz -emezdiniz

you couldn´t have...

you weren´t able to ...

  -eme z

di

ler

ler

di

-emezdiler

-emezlerdi

they couldn´t have ...

they weren´t able to ...

 

etc. etc. etc. ....

 

Like you have seen until now, you should think the verb "-ebilmek, -ememek" exactly a normal verb. Because -like you see- they can be conjugated with all the tenses.

 

If you say "-ebildim, -emedim", you mean "I succeeded / didn´t succeed to ...". 

If you say "-ebilirdim, -emezdim", you mean "I had/hadn´t possibility/opportunity to ...". Also, it can be used as ability meaning of "used to".

 

yard覺m etmek (to help)

valiz (the suitcase)

kesinlikle (absolutely, certainly)

ta覺mak (to carry)

 

yard覺m et+me+z ise+n----------------->yard覺m etmezsen (if you don´t help)

bu valiz (this suitcase)

bu valiz+i(acc.)--------->bu valizi (this suitcase)

ta覺+ama+m------------>ta覺yamam (i can´t carry)

 

Yard覺m etmezsen bu valizi kesinlikle ta覺yamam (I can never carry this suitcase if you don´t help.)

....................the meaning of ability

 

s覺r (the secret)

vermek (to give)

s覺r vermek (to confide, to tell a secret)

-den baka, ... hariç (except ...)

hiç kimse (nobody)

 

sana (to you)

ver+dik+m s覺r------------------------->verdiim s覺r (the secret I told/tell)

the original type of "s覺r" is "s覺rr". therefore the "r" which had disappeared will return when a vowel-started suffix.

s覺r+覺(accusative)---------------------->s覺rr覺 (the secret)

sana verdiim s覺rr覺 ((accusative) the secret I told to you)

sen+den baka----------------------->senden baka (except you)

senden baka hiç kimse (nobody except you)

hiç kimse+e(dative)------------------->hiç kimseye (to nobody)

ver+eme+z idi+m---------------------->veremezdim (i couldn´t give)

 

Sana verdiim s覺rr覺 senden baka hiç kimseye veremezdim. (I couldn´t have told the secret I told to you to nobody except you)

.....................................the meaning of ability

 

niye, neden (why)

otel (the hotel)

kalmak (1to stay, 2to remain, 3..4...)

 

otel+de---------------------------->otelde (at the hotel)

kal+d覺+n覺z-------------------------->kald覺n覺z (you stayed)

biz+de----------------------------->bizde (at us)

biz+de de-------------------------->bizde de (at us too, also at us)

kal+abil+r idi+niz-------------------->kalabilirdiniz (you could have stayed)

 

Neden otelde kald覺n覺z? Bizde de kalabilirdiniz. (Why did you stay at a hotel? You could have stayed at us too.)

 

balang覺ç (the beginning)

seviye, düzey (the level, the grade)

orta (1middle, 2intermediate, 3..4..)

yaklamak (to draw near,to draw close)

hatta (what´s more, moreover) (pronunciation: hat´taa)

ulamak (to arrive, to reach)

-mek üzere (about to ... , be going to ... soon)

art覺k (1from now on (direct: after now), 2anymore, 3the waste)

uzun (1long, 2tall)

cümle (the sentence)

kurmak (1to set, to set up, 2to found, 3to form, 4to assemble)

cümle kurmak (to make a sentence)

 

balang覺ç seviye+i(poss.)---------->balang覺ç seviyesi (the beginner level (direct: the beginning level))

balang覺ç seviye+i(poss.)+de(loc.)---------->balang覺ç seviyesinde (in the beginner level)

balang覺ç seviye+i(poss.)+de+idi(past)+m--->balang覺ç seviyesindeydim (i was in the beginner level)

orta seviye (the intermediate level)

orta seviye+e(dative)---------------------->orta seviyeye (to the intermediate level)

yakla+yor+im----------------------------->yakla覺yorum (i´m drawing nearer)

ulamak üzere+im-------------------------->ulamak üzereyim (i´m about to reach)

orta seviyeye ulamak (to arrive at the intermediate level)

orta seviyeye ulamak üzereyim (i´m about to/going to arrive soon)

daha uzun (longer)

cümle+ler------------------------->cümleler (the sentences)

daha uzun cümeler (longer sentences)

kur+abil+ecek+im------------------>kurabileceim (i will be able to set)

 

Balang覺ç seviyesindeydim ama orta seviyeye yakla覺yorum, hatta ulamak üzereyim. Art覺k daha uzun cümleler kurabileceim. (I was in the beginner level but I´m drawing nearer to the intermediate level, moreover, I´m about to arrive. I will be able to make longer sentences from now on.)

...............the meaning of ability

 

iyi (good, well)

duymak (to hear)

olmak (1to be, 2....3....11..14..)

yer (1the place, 2the floor, the ground, 3the earth, 4the position, 5..6..)

gürültü (the noise)

geçmek (to pass)

 

sen+i(acc.)------------------------------>seni (you (accusative))

duy+ama+yor+im------------------------->duyam覺yorum (i can´t hear (present continuous))

iyi duyam覺yorum (i can´t hear well)

ol+dik+n yer----------------------------->olduun yer (the place where you are)

gürültü+li-------------------------------->gürültülü  (noisy)

gürültü+siz------------------------------>gürültüsüz (noiseless)

bir yer (somewhere, whichever place)

gürültüsüz bir yer (a noiseless place)

gürültüsüz bir yer+e geç+- --------------->gürültüsüz bir yere geç (go noiseless somewhere (direct: pass to a noiseless place))

 

Seni iyi duyam覺yorum. Olduun yer çok gürültülü. Gürültüsüz bir yere geç. (I can´t hear you well. The place where you are in is too noisy. Go a noiseless somewhere.)

...............the meaning of ability

 

saat (1the clock, o´clock, 2the hour, 3the watch)

iki (two)

-e kadar (till, until)

d覺ar覺 (1outside, 2outdoor)

ç覺kmak (1to go out, 2to ascend, 3...4....7to flirt, 8to be understood suddenly,9...)

 

iki+e kadar------------------------------->ikiye kadar (until two)

ç覺k+ama+zs覺n覺z--------------------------->ç覺kamazs覺n覺z (you can´t go out)

 

Saat ikiye kadar d覺ar覺 ç覺kamazs覺n覺z. (You aren´t allowed to/can´t go outside until two o´clock.)

=It would be the same if we added dative case suffix to "d覺ar覺".

(d覺ar覺+a-->d覺ar覺ya (direct: to the outside))

...........meaning of permission

 

bugün (today)

hava (1the weather,.......)

yamur (the rain)

olmak (1to be, ........)

 

yamur+l覺-------------------------------->yamurlu (rainy)

ol+abil+r--------------------------------->olabilir (it can/may be)

 

Bugün hava yamurlu olabilir. (The weather may be rainy today.)

...........meaning of guessing/possibility.

 

How to make interrogative?

The answer isn´t difficult. These tenses we are conjugating "-ebilmek" and "-ememek" with are ultimately the tenses you had already learnt. If you don´t remember how to make interrogative them, you can look at their lessons. However it requires to write a few example for interrogative sentences too. 

 

bura (this place, here)

oturmak (1to sit, 2to sit down, 3to dwell, to live, 4to be suitable, 5...6...)

 

bura+a(dative)--------------------------->buraya (to this place, here)

otur+abil+r mi+iz------------------------->oturabilir miyiz? (can/may we sit/sit down?)

 

Buraya oturabilir miyiz? (May we sit down here?)

........meaning of permission

 

yirmi (twenty)

ya (1wet, 2the age (the period of the life for each one year))

konser (the concert)

yaln覺z (1alone, lonely ,2lone, 3but)

gitmek (to go)

 

ya+覺+da+覺m----------------------------->ya覺nday覺m (i´m ... years old)

konser+e-------------------------------->konsere (to the concert)

git+eme+ecek mi+im--------------------->gidemeyecek miyim? (won´t i be able to go?)

 

Yirmi ya覺nday覺m. Konsere yaln覺z gidemeyecek miyim? (I´m twenty years old. Won´t I able to go to the concert alone?)

......meaning of ability

 

geçen (last, previous (direct: the one that has/had passed)

y覺l, sene (the year)

turist (the tourist)

gelmek (to come)

 

geçen y覺l (last year)

çok turist (many tourists)

gel+mi+di------------------------------->gelmiti (he had come)

bu y覺l (this year)

gel+me+mek----------------------------->gelmemek (not to come)

gel+me+ebil+r----->gelme+ebil+r--------->gelmeyebilir (perhaps he doesn´t come)

 

Geçen y覺l çok turist gelmiti ama bu y覺l gelmeyebilir. (Many tourist have come last year but perhaps they don´t come this year.)

..........meaning of possibility

 

mutlaka (certainly)

yemek (1to eat, 2the meal)

istemek (to want)

 

yemek zorunda deilsin (you don´t have to eat)

iste+me+yor ise+n--->iste+me+yor+se+n--------->istemiyorsan (if you don´t want)

ye+me+ebil+r+sin------------------------------->yemeyebilirsin (it can be supposed this way: you have possibility/right not to eat. : you are allowed not to eat.)

 

Mutlaka yemek zorunda deilsin. 襤stemiyorsan yemeyebilirsin. (You don´t have to eat certainly. You are allowed not to eat if you don´t want.)

........meanings of possibility and permission are together. 

 

bura (this place, here)

olmak (to be...)

söylemek (to say)

inanmak (to believe)

 

bura+da(locative)------------------------>burada (here)

ol+d覺k+m+覺(acc.)------------------------->olduumu ((acc.)the fact that i am/was)

söyle+me+- ----------------------------->söyleme (don´ t say)

inan+ma+abil+r+ler----------------------->inanmayabilirler (perhaps they don´t believe)

 

Burada olduumu söyleme, inanmayabilirler. (Don´t say I am here, perhaps they don´t believe.)

...........meaning of possibility/guessing.

 

elektrik (the electric)

kesilmek (1to be cut, 2to go off (electric), 3..4..5.)

rapor (the report)

bu gece (tonight)

yazmak (to write)

söz vermek (to promise)

 

kesil+me+z ise-------->kesilmez ise------>kesilmezse (if it´s not cut)

rapor+u(accusative)-------------------->raporu (the report (acc.))

yaz+r+覺m------------------------------->yazar覺m (i write)

kesil+ebil+r----------------------------->kesilebilir (it may be cut)

kesilebilir de (it aslo can/may be cut)

söz ver+eme+m------------------------->söz veremem (i can´t promise)

 

Elektrik kesilmezse raporu bu gece yazar覺m ama kesilebilir de, söz veremem. (I write the report tonight if the electric doesn´t go off but it also may go, I can´t promise.)

..............meaning of possibility

 

al覺t覺rma (the exercise, the practice)

son (last)

be (five)

paragraf (the paragraph)

anlamak (to understand)

bilmek (to know)

ki (that)

ileri (1forward, 2advanced)

seviye, düzey (the level)

ulamak, varmak (to arrive, to reach)

 

al覺t覺rma+da+ki---------------------->al覺t覺rmadaki (that/which is in the exercise)

son be paragraf (last five paragraphs)

al覺t覺rmadaki son be paragraf (the last five paragraphs in the exercise)

al覺t覺rmadaki son be paragraf+覺(ac.)->al覺t覺rmadaki son be paragraf覺

anla+abil+yor ise+n--->anlayabiliyor isen-->anlayabiliyor+se+n->anlayabiliyorsan (if you can understand (present continuous))

bil ki (know that ..)

ileri seviye+e------------------------>ileri seviyeye (to the advanced level)

ula+m覺+s覺n------------------------>ulam覺s覺n (you have arrived)

 

Al覺t覺rmadaki son be paragraf覺 anlayabiliyorsan bil ki ileri seviyeye ulam覺s覺n. (Know that you have arrived at the advanced level if you can understand the last five paragraphs in the exercise.)

..............meaning of ability


Khayrul Haq, ShiraDest, mira 25, rubaniah, * Lamda* and 2 others liked this lesson


View all intermediate level lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View all lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View All Turkish Classes




Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
To have your
denizli: Thankyou!
T-E: rahmet vs minnetle anyioruz
gokuyum: Maybe it can be translated as "We remember him with mercy and ...
10 Kas覺m
og2009: I think scientific criticism is useful for people.
E-T I am more of a listner than talker
Leo S: harp00n, you used "kendi ... but could we have used "kendim hakk...
Turkish spelling and pronunciation guide
qdemir: ...
Grammar Textbook
qdemir: Now with audio.
29 EK襤M CUMHUR襤YET BAYRAMI織NIN 96. YILI...
tunci: 29 EK襤M ... ... 96. YILI HERKESE KUTLU OLSUN !
E-T: I am shocked I tell you, shocked.
harp00n: Sana ... ok oldum. ok...
Question
qdemir: The ... is OK. ... translates as ... You may omit ... Ben ondan &ccedi...
Question
denizli: (sorry ...
possessive case help me..
mrdr: Hi,Could you please write whole sentence? If I know the sentence,...
TURK-ENG. .THX...
mrdr: Hi, This is more difficult than other sentence. I try to translate. ...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented