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anlamak (to understand)

anla+d覺k+n+覺----------->anlad覺覺n覺 [that you understood/understand (acc.)]

anla+ma+d覺k+n+覺------->anlamad覺覺n覺 [that you don´t/didn´t understand (acc.)]

 

Anlad覺覺n覺 bilmiyorum. (I don´t know you understood/understand.)

Anlamad覺覺n覺 bilmiyorum. (I don´t know you don´t/didn´t understand.)

anlad覺覺n覺 veya anlamad覺覺n覺

anlay覺p anlamad覺覺n覺

 

Anlay覺p anlamad覺覺n覺 bilmiyorum. (I don´t know whether you understood/understand or not.)

 

gelmek (to come)

gelmek veya gelmemek (to come or not to come)

gelip gelmemek (to come or not)

gel+ecek+m+e veya gel+me+ecek+m+e

geleceime veya gelmeyeceime

gelip gelmeyeceime (to the fact that I will come or won´t.)

karar vermek (to decide)

 

Benim gelip gelmeyeceime sen karar veremezsin. (You can´t decide, if I come.)

 

ta覺mak (to carry)

ta覺yabilmek veya ta覺yamamak (to be able to carry or not to be able to carry)

ta覺y覺p ta覺yamamak (to be able to carry or not)

ta覺y覺p ta覺yama+acak+m+dan---->ta覺y覺p ta覺yamayaca覺mdan

 

Çanta çok a覺r. Ta覺y覺p ta覺yamayaca覺mdan emin deilim. (The bag is too heavy. I´m not sure, if I can carry.)

 

örenci (the student)

örenmek (to learn)

örenebilmek veya örenememek (to be able to learn or not to be able to learn)

örenip örenememek (to be able to learn or not)

 

örenci+ler+in(gen.)------------->örencilerin (of the students)

örenip öreneme+dik+i+i-------->örenip örenemediini (that he could learn or could not)

 

Örencilerin örenip örenemediini nas覺l anlar覺z? (How do we understand, whether the students could learn or not.)

 

el (the hand)

kalem (the pen, the pencil) (their general name of the pens/pencils)

olmak (1to be,2..3..4....5...6....7...)

dikkat etmek (1to pay attention, 2to take care)

 

el+i(poss.)+de(locative)--------->elinde (on his hand)

elinde kalem var (he has a pen on his hand)

elinde kalem olduunu ya da olmad覺覺na

elinde kalem olup olmad覺覺na

 

Elinde kalem olup olmad覺覺na dikkat etmedim. (I didn´t care, if he had a pen/pencil on his hand.)


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View all advanced level lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

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