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verbal adjectives - 1

The time is not important. You already understand the time of the sentence according to the situation easily.

sandalye (the chair)

oturmak (1to sit, 2to sit down, 3..4..5..)

adam (the man)

sandalyede oturmak (to sit on the chair)
otur+an----------->oturan (the one that/who sits/is sitting/sat/...)

sandalyede oturan yal覺 adam (the old man who sits on the chair)


gelmek (to come)

kad覺n (the woman)

kim (who)

gel+en------------>gelen (the one who comes/is coming/came/has come/...)

kim idi->kim+di---->kimdi? (who was s/he?)

 

Gelen kad覺n kimdi? (Who was the woman who came?)

 

gülümsemek (to smile)

gülümse+t+mek->gülümsetmek (to make smb. smile)

gülümse+t+en--->gülümseten (the one that makes smb. smile)

an覺 (the memory)

 

襤te bunlar gülümseten an覺lar. (Such these are smiling memories. (direct: Such these are the memories that makes smb. smile.))

 

göndermek (to send)

mesaj (the message)

gönder+il+en---->gönderilen (the one that is sent/was sent/has been sent/...)

 

gönderilen mesajlar (the sent messages (direct: the messages that have been sent))

 

site (the site)

Türkçe, örenmek (to learn)

yabanc覺 (1foreign, strange, 2the foreigner, the stranger)

ören+en------->örenen (the one that learns/learnt/...)

 

Bu sitede Türkçe örenen birçok yabanc覺 var. (There are many foreigners who are learning/learn/have been learning Turkish in this site.)

 

7 (yedi)

Windows 7+i(accusative)-------->Windows 7´yi (Windows 7 (acc.))

kullanmak (to use)

herkes (everybody)

ayn覺 (same)

sorun (the problem)

ikâyet (the complaint)

ikâyetçi (direct: the complainter) (the one who complains/is complaining)

-den ikâyetçi olmak, -den ikâyet etmek [ablative case] (to complain)

 

kullan+an----------->kullanan (the one who uses/used/is using/has used/...)

kullanan herkes (everybody who uses/used/is using/has used/...)

Windows 7´yi kullanan herkes (everybody who uses/used/... the Windows 7)

 

Windows 7´yi kullanan herkes ayn覺 sorundan ikâyetçi. (Everybody who uses/is using the Windows 7 complains about the same problem.)

 

Ahmet (a male Turkish name)

aramak (1to call, 2to look for, 3to search)

hangi (which)

day覺 (the uncle (brother of the mother))

olmak (1to be,2..3..4...)

 

Ahmet+i(accusative)------->Ahmet´i

ara+(覺)yor+idi+m----------->ar覺yordum (i was looking for)

day覺+n-------------------->day覺m (your uncle)

ol+an--------------------->olan (the one which is)

day覺n olan Ahmet (Ahmet who is your uncle)

 

-Ahmet´i ar覺yordum. (I was looking for Ahmet.)

-Hangi Ahmet´i? (Which Ahmet?)

-Day覺n olan Ahmet´i. (Ahmet who is your uncle. (accusative))

 

öretmen (the teacher)

olmak (1to be, 2to become,...)

abla (the older sister)

evlenmek (to get married)

banka (the bank)

bankac覺 (the banker, the bank worker/personel)

hâlâ, henüz, daha (still, yet)

bekar (single (not married))

 

öretmen olan ablam (my sister which/who is teacher)

 

Öretmen olan ablam geçen y覺l evlendi. Bankac覺 olan ablam daha bekar. (My sister which is teacher got married last year. My sister which is banker is still single.)

 

ikinci (second)

dünya (the world)

sava (the war)

dünya sava+覺(poss.)--->dünya sava覺 (the world war) [indefinite possessive determiner]

anlatmak (to tell)

film (the movie, film)

barol (the leading role (direct: the head role))

ünlü (famous)

oyuncu (1the player, 2the actor/actress)

 

襤kinci Dünya Sava覺+覺(accusative)-->襤kinci Dünya Sava覺´n覺 (the Second World War (acc.))

anlat+an-------------->anlatan (the one that/which tells/told/is telling/...)

襤kinci Dünya Sava覺´n覺 anlatan film (the movie that tells about the Second W.W.)

film+in(genitive)------->filmin (of the movie)

barol+i(poss.)-------->barolü (its leading role)

barol+i+de----------->barolünde (on its leading role)

filmin barolünde (on the leading role of the movie)

ünlü bir oyuncu (a famous actor/actress)

ol+acak+- ----------->olacak

 

襤kinci Dünya Sava覺´n覺 anlatan filmin barolünde ünlü bir oyuncu olacak. (A famous actor/actress will be on the leading role of the movie that tells about the Second World War.)

 

ben (I)

dikkatli (careful)

dinlemek (to listen)

örenci (the student)

sizin (your (plural or respect))

oul (the son)

 

ben+i(accusative)--------->beni (me)

en dikkatli (the most careful)

dinle+en------------------>dinleyen (the one who listens/listened/has been listening/...)

dinleyen örenci (the student who/which listens)

sizin oul+(i)niz------------>sizin ol+iniz->sizin olunuz (your son)

 

Beni en dikkatli dinleyen örenci sizin olunuz. (The student which listens to me most carefully is your son.)

 

2010 (iki bin on)

2010 y覺l覺 (the year 2010)

albüm (the album)

ç覺karmak (1to get out, 2to put out, 3to take out, 4to remove, to delete, 5...6..7..8...9to publish, to release,10to make sth ascend, 11... 13..)

grup (1the group, 2the band)

2011 (iki bin on bir)

müzik (the music)

liste (the list)

ilk, birinci (first)

s覺ra (1the position (on a list), 2the queue, 3..4.5..)

yükselmek (1to ascend, 2to rise, to rise up,3.4..5..)

 

2010 y覺l+覺+da(locative)------->2010 y覺l覺nda (in the year 2010)

albüm ç覺kar+ma(negative)+an grup--->albüm ç覺karmayan grup (the band that doesn´t/didn´t released any album)

iki bin on bir+de-------------->iki bin on birde / 2011´de (in 2011)

2011´deki albüm (the album which was/is in 2011) [remember the "-ki" which makes adjective]

2011´deki albüm+leri---------->2011´deki albümleri (their album which is/was in 2011)

2011´deki albüm+leri+ile------->2011´deki albümleriyle (by/with their alb.wh.i/w.in.2011)

liste+ler--------------------->listeler (the lists)

müzik listeler+i--------------->müzik listeleri (the music lists) (indefinite poss.determ.)

müzik listeler+i+de------------>müzik listelerinde (on the music lists)

birinci s覺ra (the first line/row/position/place)

birinci s覺ra+a(dative)--------->birinci s覺raya (to the first place)

yüksel+di+- ----------------->yükseldi (s/he/it ascended)

 

2010 y覺l覺nda albüm ç覺karmayan grup, 2011´deki albümleriyle müzik listelerinde birinci s覺raya yükseldi. (The band that hasn´t released any album in the year 2010 ascended to the first place on the music lists by their album which was in 2011.)

 

görünmek (to seem, to be seen) / görülmek (to be seen) [remember the passive voice]

köy (the village)

k覺lavuz (the guide)

istemek (1to want, 2to require)

 

gör+(i)n[reflexive]+en köy-----> görünen köy (the village that/which seems/is seen)

/gör+il(passive)+en köy--------> görülen köy

iste+me+z--------------------> istemez (it doesn´t want)

 

Görünen köy k覺lavuz istemez. (The village that is seen/is being seen doesn´t require any guide.)

(This is a Turkish proverb)

 

kap覺 (the door)

ön (the frontside)

sen (you)

beklemek (to wait) [in Turkish, it is used in accusative case]

küçük (small, little)

çocuk (the child)

kim (who)

bilmek (to know)

 

kap覺+覺n ön+i+de---------------->kap覺n覺n önünde (in front of the door)

sen+i(accusative)-------------->seni (you)

bekle+en----------------------->bekleyen (the one who/which waits/is waiting/waited/... for you)

küçük bir çocuk (a little child)

kim ol+dik+i(poss.)+i(acc.)------>kim olduunu ((that) who s/he is)

bil+me+yor+im------------------>bilmiyorum (i don´t know)

 

Kap覺n覺n önünde seni bekleyen küçük bir çocuk var. Kim olduunu bilmiyorum. (There is a child who is waiting for you. I don´t know who he is.)

Kap覺n覺n önünde seni bekleyen küçük bir çocuk var. Kim, bilmiyorum. (There is a child who is waiting for you. Who is he, I don´t know.)

 


Khayrul Haq and mira 25 liked this lesson


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