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the suffix -dir - 3

We use "-dir" while we are talking about a general feature, too. 

 

oksijen (the oxygen), yak覺c覺 (burning, caustic),

madde (1the substance, the matter, 2the entry, 3the material,...)

 

yak覺c覺 madde (the caustic substance)

yak覺c覺 bir madde (a caustic substance)

 

Oksijen yak覺c覺 bir maddedir. (The oxygen is a caustic.) [that is a general feature of the oxygen]

 

çay (the tea) , Türk (Turk), en çok (most), tüketmek (to consume), içecek (the drink)

 

Türk+ler(plural)+in(genitive)---------->Türklerin (of the Turks)

tüket+dik+i(possessive)-------------->tükettii [remember the pattern of "-dik"]

içecek+dir--------------------------->içecektir

 

Çay, Türklerin en çok tükettii içecektir. (Tea is the drink the Turks consume most.) [a general condition has been told]

 

kamyon (the lorry), araba (the car), a覺r (1heavy, 2difficult, 3slow,4..5..)

 

araba+dan(comparative)------------->araban (than the car)

a覺r+d覺r----------------------------->a覺rd覺r

 

Kamyon arabadan daha a覺r. (The lorry is heavier then the car.)

Kamyon arabadan daha a覺rd覺r. (A lorry is heavier than a car. [generally])

 

dede (the grandfather), sa覺r (deaf, unable to hear)

dede+m(possessive)----------------->dedem (my grandfather)

sa覺r+d覺r---------------------------->sa覺rd覺r

 

Dedem sa覺r. (My grandfather is deaf.)

Dedem sa覺rd覺r. (It is a general feature of my grandfather to be deaf.)

 




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