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Imperatives - Let

Making a verb imperative for the second singular person (sen), is the same as it is done in English. Just use the plain verb without any suffix or change. When you want to order something to a single person listening to you, you just say the plain verb. Examples:

Come! --> Gel!

Go! --> Git!

Read! --> Oku!

Sit down! --> Otur!

Stand up! --> Kalk!

However, different from English, there is an imperative form for different cases of person. Let´s see now how these are constructed:

 

Personal Pronoun

Suffix
Ben No first person singular form
Sen

- (no suffix)

O -sin
Biz No first person plural form
Siz -in
Onlar -sinler

 

Now, let´s see the meaning of each case using the verb to go (gitmek).

 

Case

Meaning
(sen) git

go! (singular, to a single person)

(o) git-sin --> gitsin

let him go (not like "allow him to go", this has the meaning that you want him to go in an imperative way)

(siz) git-in --> gidin go! (plural, to multiple people)
(onlar) git-sinler --> gitsinler let them go (again, the meaning is not like "allow them to go", gitsinler means that you want them to go and you are expressing this in an imperative way)

 

As you can see, a commonly used clause, "let´s", is included in the imperative definition. If you want to say "Let´s go to the movie", it becomes "Sinemaya gidelim" in Turkish. Now, let´s see how the example verbs we used above are made imperative with respect to different cases of person.

 

Personal Pronoun

gelmek - to come gitmek - to go okumak - to read oturmak - to sit down kalkmak - to stand up
sen

gel

git oku otur kalk
o gelsin gitsin okusun otursun kalksın
siz gelin gidin okuyun oturun kalkın
onlar gelsiler gitsinler okusunlar otursunlar kalksınlar

 

 

There is no first person singular or first person plural form of the imperatives, but there is another form called wish clause that gives a similar meaning for the first person singular and plural. Note that only the first person singular and first person plural forms of the wish clause are used in practice. Here is how the wish clause is constructed:

 

Personal Pronoun

Suffix

Ben

-eyim

Biz

-elim

 

Case

Meaning

(ben) git-eyim --> gideyim

let me go

(biz) git-elim --> gidelim

let´s go

 

 

Personal Pronoun

gelmek - to come

gitmek - to go

okumak - to read

oturmak - to sit down

kalkmak - to stand up

Ben

Geleyim

gideyim

okuyayım

oturayım

kalkayım

Biz

Gelelim

gidelim

okuyalım

oturalım

kalkalım

 


Khayrul Haq, Lee007, Nahid.N, H覺yanet Sarmal覺, Dr.hadeel and 53 others liked this lesson


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