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Okuldaydim
1.       K羹癟羹k dil
4 posts
 28 Apr 2016 Thu 12:05 pm

Why is it called okuldaydim? Why is it not called okuldadim? I assume so far, that when you make past tense out of a verb, you put in a "y" before the "di", but im not sure. Can anyone please explain this to me?

 

Thank you in advance

2.       denizli
961 posts
 28 Apr 2016 Thu 02:48 pm

In this case it´s past tense of ´to be´ rather than making past tense out of a verb. Often you need to add a ´y´ after a vowel, before adding a suffix. For past tense with a verb, you don´t need to add a ´y´.

 

This link has everything for ´to be´:

http://www.turkishlanguage.co.uk/tobepos.htm

 

3.       JNQ
465 posts
 30 Apr 2016 Sat 09:17 am

.



Edited (4/30/2016) by JNQ

4.       JNQ
465 posts
 30 Apr 2016 Sat 09:17 am

About the use of the buffer ´y´:

http://www.turkishclass.com/forumTitle_61671

 

 

1. past to be + adjective: yal覺yd覺, he was old

2. past to be + noun: siyah bir arabayd覺, it was a black car

 

3. And furthermore all past* suffixed verbs ending with a consonant. 

- past conditional: olsayd覺, if it was

- past necessitive: aramal覺yd覺m, I had to call

- past subjunctive: t覺klayayd覺m

 

*Past being either -di or -mi

 

Follwing that rule: bala+m覺+覺m is without y because the verb stem is not suffixed with -sa or -mal覺 or -yay覺m or such.

And it is bala+sa+y+m覺+覺m because bala is suffixed with the conditional suffix -sa.

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