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  Beginner 3, section 3   >>   Consonant Harmony   >>   Consonant Harmony In Simple Past Tense

Consonant Harmony In Simple Past Tense
Answer questions 1 - 10 based on the following text:

Consonant harmony means that hard consonants and soft consonants are followed by their own type if two consonants come next to each other.

 

Hard Consonants: p, ç, t, k, h, s, ş, f

 

Therefore most suffixes that start with a consonant, have two versions. The simple past tense suffix is one of them.

 

Simple Past Tense Suffixes:

-dı, -di, -du, -dü

-tı, -ti, -tu, -tü

 

If a verb stem ends with a consonant and that consonant is a hard consonant then we use the "t" version of simple past tense.  

 

Examples: 

git+ti

koş+tu

Notice that vowel harmony still plays a role. We decide according vowel harmony which one to pick out of these four: -tı, -ti, -tu, -tü.

 

 

Thinking about both consonant harmony and vowel harmony put the correct simple past tense suffix to these verb stems:

 

Example:

git_

your answer: gitti

1.

bak_

2.

gel_

3.

yürü_

4.

konuş_

5.

uyu_

6.

çalış_

7.

iç_

8.

ye_

9.

yüz_

10.

çık_

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Consonant Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner