Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

  Beginner 3, section 3   >>   Past Tense   >>   Vowel Harmony in Simple Past Tense

Vowel Harmony in Simple Past Tense
Answer questions 1 - 8 based on the following text:

The past tense suffix has four instances: -dı, -di, -du, -dü. How should we decide which one to pick? The answer is very simple. We look to the last vowel.

 

1. a or ı is followed by -dı,

2. e or i is followed by -di,

3. o or u is followed by -du,

4. ö or ü is followed by -dü.

 

Example:

"oku" (read) is the verb stem. The last vowel in "oku" is "u". Therefore we pick "-du" and it becomes "okudu"(s/he read).

 

Notice that when we use negative in past tense, the negative suffix -me or -ma comes before the past tense suffix and it will change the last vowel. 

Example:

okumadı (s/he didn´t read)

 

Of course the negative suffix itself follows vowel harmony as well.

 

Complete these sentences using the same verb once in affirmative and once in negative form in the same sentence:

Example:

(okumak) Ali çok kitap okudu ama Ayşe okumadı.

1.

(yüzmek) Ayşe denizde ... ama Ali ...

2.

(gitmek) Ayşe okula ... ama Ali ...

3.

(oynamak) Ali futbol ... ama Ayşe ...

4.

(içmek) Ayşe süt ... ama Ali ...

5.

(uyumak) Ayşe çok ... ama Ali ...

6.

(gelmek) Ayşe eve ... ama Ali ...

7.

(yapmak) Ayşe ödev ... ama Ali ...

8.

(yorulmak) Ayşe çok ... ama Ali ...

You need to sign in to be able to do a homework.
Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
E-T I am more of a listner than talker
harp00n: She has never been one to listen to others, she does want she wants, a...
E-T: I am shocked I tell you, shocked.
harp00n: Sana ... şok oldum. Şok...
Question
qdemir: The ... is OK. ... translates as ... You may omit ... Ben ondan &ccedi...
Question
denizli: (sorry ...
possessive case help me..
mrdr: Hi,Could you please write whole sentence? If I know the sentence,...
Grammar Textbook
qdemir: The e-book version is now $4.99 instead of $9.99 at Amazon.com till th...
TURK-ENG. .THX...
mrdr: Hi, This is more difficult than other sentence. I try to translate. ...
TUR-ENG thank you...
mrdr: Hi,It is very difficult to protect real ... I translated in Go...
Eid
bydand: Iyi Bayramlar.
Türkçem kontrol edebilir misin lütfen?
john250: yardimin ... teşekkur ederim. Hersey anladim
Türkçem kontrol edebilir misın lütfen?
john250: yardımın ... teşekkur ederım
Göre explained
ETurgut1974: Thank you
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented