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Verbs / Subtitle IV - Ablative Form

 

 

Hello again, welcome to lesson.

 

Ablative Form, or Ayrılma Durumu in Turkish, is simply a respond to "from..." in Englis. "From school, from home etc.."

 

Ablative form has got four suffixes, "-den, -dan, -ten, -tan" which change according to both Consonant Mutuation and Vowel Harmony.

 

Let´s look at the table below for the suffixes of Ablative Form:

Last Vowel of Pro.

Soft Consonant

p,ç,t,k,s,ş,h Consonants

a, ı, o, u

-dan

-tan

e, i, ö, ü

-den

-ten

 

 

Let´s make an example.

 

Kapı, ends is a vowel, you we will accept it as it ends with a "soft consonant". It also ends with "ı". Table tell us to choose "-dan" suffix

 

Kapı + dan: Kapıdan

 

Let´s do the same for "bahçe / garden". Bahçe ends with a vowel, too and it´s "e". Table tells us to put "-den" suffix.

 

Bahçe + den: Bahçeden

  

 

I have prepare a table for the usage of this Form at some nouns:

English Word

Meaning/Nom.Form

Ablative Form

house

ev

evden

car

araba

arabadan

building

bina

binadan

tree

ağaç

ağaçtan

garden

bahçe

bahçeden

book

kitap

kitaptan

door

kapı

kapıdan

chair

sandalye

sandalyeden

table

masa

masadan

school

okul

okuldan

student

öğrenci

öğrenciden

song

şarkı

şarkıdan

notebook

defter

defterden

driver

şoför

şoförden

 

 

And Ablative Form for Plural Nouns:

Personal Pronoun

Ablative Form

ben

benden

sen

senden

o

ondan

biz

bizden

siz

sizden

onlar

onlardan

 

 

thx

turkishcobra //


Eilidh, Mokba, mira 25, february, Danko and angsak liked this lesson


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