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SYNTAX IN TURKISH LANGUAGE I - Pronoun + Obj. + Verb

 

 

 

Unlike many other languages, syntax in Turkish is different. We put verbs at the end of sentences.

We mainly seperate sentences in two branches:

 

1) Regular Sentences

 

2) Irregular Sentences

 

We will first start with Regular Sentences.

 

We can simply formulize RS as shown here:

 

Pronoun (Özne) + Object (Nesne) + Verb (Fiil / Yüklem)

 

In English, this formula is "pronoun + verb + object". In Turkish, verb and object change place. Let´s see:

 

I read book: I; pronoun + read; verb + book; object.

 

In Turkish; I is "ben" , read is "okumak" and book is "kitap". "I read" is a Simple Present Tense for 1.Singular Pronoun;

Okumak > Okurum = I read

 

Let´s remember the formula:

 

Pronoun (Özne) + Object (Nesne) + Verb (Fiil / Yüklem)

 

         Ben              +          kitap           +            okurum

 

Have you seen the difference?

 

Let´s do it with "I am studying lesson".

 

study: çalışmak and lesson: ders

 

 

Pronoun (Özne) + Object (Nesne) + Verb (Fiil / Yüklem)

 

      Ben               +           ders           +         çalışıyorum

      

Let´s do it for "We are studying lesson"

 

      Biz                +           ders            +         çalışıyoruz

 

Sentences:

 

You read book, we studied lesson.

 

Siz kitap okudunuz, biz ders çalıştık.

 

They drunk tea, we drunk coke.

 

Onlar çay içti, biz kola içtik.

 

I watched television.

 

Ben televizyon izledim/seyrettim.

 

I´m playing computer.

 

Ben oyun oynuyorum.

 

You didn´t do homework:

 

Sen ödev yapmadın.

 

I saw the teacher:

 

Ben öğretmeni gördüm.

 

We didn´t see the teacher:

 

Biz öğretmeni görmedik.

 

In next chapter, we will see sentences with "Dolaylı Tümleç"; when an object receives "-e, -de and -den" suffixes.

 

thx

turkishcobra

 

 

 

 

 

 


Mokba, weli13, vera policrat, Danko and wintertulips liked this lesson


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