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lesson 1 - suffix meli/mal羸

To ´express need´ in english we use, ´need´, ´have to´, ´must´, in turkish we use the suffix meli/mal覺. For example: gitmeliyim ´I must go´. When making an ´express need´ sentence in turkish just remember this formula:


verb + meli/mal覺 + personal suffix


The Personal suffixes for this suffix are:

I must + im

You must + sin

He/she/it must + no personal ending

we must + iz

you must + siniz

They must + ler


Let´s do an example

I must come

gel + meli + yim



Before we move on take a look at the ´y´ at the end of the turkish sentence. If you don´t know what the ´y´ is then in turkish this is called the ´buffer letter´. A buffer letter basically separates two vowels from sitting together. We will have a separate lesson on the ´buffer letter´ another time so won´t go in to detail about it now but just wanted to point this out to you.


Let´s do another example

I must take

al + mal覺 + y覺m



Now with the sentence above can you see that there are no dots above the ´i´´s. Take a look at the verb



the turkish vowels are

e i ö ü 

a 覺 o u 


I say the ´e i ö ü´ are the ´front´ vowels


the ´a 覺 o u´ are the ´back´ vowels


In this suffix:

If the last letter of the verb is ´e i ö ü´ then the (y)im/sin/iz/siniz/ler would be used

If you last letter of the verb is ´a 覺 o u´ then the (y)覺m/s覺n/覺z/lar would be used




git + meli + yim

(in the verb is the vowel ´i´ + so the suffix would be ´meli´ + and then the personal suffix would be ´(y)im´)


al + mal覺 + y覺m

(in the verb is the vowel ´a´ + so the suffix would be ´mal覺´ + and then the personal suffix would be ´(y)覺m)


Here are a few examples to make use with the ´front´ vowels:


I must give - ver + meli + yim - vermeliyim

You must go - git + meli + sin - gitmelisin

He must watch - izle + meli - izlemeli

We must come - gel + meli + yiz - gelmeliyiz

You must see - gör + meli + siniz - görmelisiniz

They must send - gönder + meli + ler - göndermeliler


Here are a few examples to make use with the ´back´ vowels:


I must stay - kal + mal覺 + y覺m - kalmal覺y覺m

You must take - al + mal覺 + s覺n - almal覺s覺n

He must believe - inan + mal覺 - inanmal覺

We must be - ol + mal覺 + y覺z - olmal覺y覺z

You must do - yap + mal覺 + s覺n覺z - yapmal覺s覺n覺z

They must put - koy + mal覺 + lar - koymal覺lar


Try making up your own examples and seeing how you get on. Keep going over the lesson until you feel confident that you know this suffix.



Manel1991, soniatang, rosigg1, mira 25, whodart and 21 others liked this lesson

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