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VR+(Y)2R2K   . BY   VERB ......+ ING



Ask the question "how " to the verb if there is an answer  there is big chance  we can use this form.


-S覺n覺fa nas覺l girdi?  How he entered  to the classroom.

 -  Gülerek girdi  - :     By laughing. 


As you see, we obtained from a verb an adverb of manner.

Bu ii nas覺l örendin?  How did you learn this job?

Yapararak?           :    By doing.

 I learned english by talking: 襤ngilizceyi konuarak (to Verb Root"konu  " we add  the suffixe arak)  örendim.

 Giderek daha iyi yap覺yorsun. In this sentence gitmek: to go means along the time , with time. we can translate  you do better every day...(with time )

Bu elbiseyi alarak iyi ettin   : You did well by buying this robe.



 VR+2R -4R+KEN or        Noun(y) ken : WH襤LE  WHEN

2r  : (ER ,AR)   4 r: (IR, 襤R, UR,ÜR ): present general: aorist form 


Eve gelirken arkada覺m覺 gördüm: While coming home I saw my friend.

襤skemleye otururken dütüm: I fell  while sitting at the chair.

Ken  can follow the nouns.

S覺navdayken: during the examination (s覺nav: exam  )

(Ben  sen  o  biz siz onlar )Örenciyken: when  .I, you, he, we...was/were a student 

As you see ben örenciyken, biz örenciyken   the form is fix.

Siz örenciyken bisikletiniz var m覺yd覺? When you were a student, did you have a bicycle?

Ben örenciyken bisikletim yoktu: When I was a student I didn´t have a bicycle.


Please use ken form

When I was sick my forher called a doctor.

Ben ..................babam bir doktor ça覺rd覺.

I earned a lot of money while working in the pahrmacie: 

Eczanede ................................çok para kazand覺m.

Please use erek arak form

Sen nas覺l temizleniyorsun?  How do you get clean?

Ben ...................temizleniyorum:  by washing.

O nas覺l eleniyor?  Dans.............. How he enjoys himself? by dancing.


Ben hastayken//  çal覺覺rken//

y覺kanarak// dans ederek.

Now  use either erek arak or ken form

1) By leaving his plate on the table he got up in a hurry.

2) I ate willingly

3)By stopping at the post office I sent my letter.

4)When I was looking for my purse I found your tel. number in the drawer.

5)I have difficulties while speking french

6) I I impressed him  by speaking japanese.


1)Taba覺n覺 masaya b覺rakarak aceleyle kalkt覺.

2) 襤steyerek yedim

3)Postaneye urayarak mektubumu yollad覺m.

4)Çekmecede cüzdan覺m覺 ararken senin telefon numaran覺 buldum

5) Frans覺zca konuurken zorluk  ya覺yorum. (zorlan覺yorum)

6) Japonca konuarak onu etkiledim.






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