Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Turkish Grammar-1 : Introduction

SOME GENERAL RULES

a) Most of the words that start with "c, f, g, h, j, l, r, v" and "z" are foreign.

cami (mosque), cumhuriyet (republict), fare [1mouse (animal), 2mouse (hardware)], fil (elephant), fikir (idea, thinking), fakir (poor), hayal (dream), hikâye (story), hâl (1case, 2position), harf (letter, character), hece (syllable), jaguar (jaguar), limon (lemon), liman (harbour), lokanta (restaurant), lâle (tulip), lise (high school), rüzgar (wind), rüya (dream), risk (risk), rahat (relax, still), roman (novel), vücut (body), vadi (valley), ve (and), vah┼či (wild), zarar (harm), zaman (time), zeki (clever, intelligent), zihin (mind), zincir (chain),......

But these are Turkish:

gemi (ship) (ancient Turkish: kemi), gizem (secret), hortlak (undead), hepsi (all of them), hiç (never) halk (people, folk).....

b) No word start with "─č" in Turkish. This is about Turkey Turkish. Otherwise in other dialects, they may start. For example: in Crimean Turkish.

c) None of the real Turkish word start with two consonants or two vowels.

tren (train), kral (king), trafik (traffic), ....

ç) Usually there aren´t two consonants or two vowels in the end of the root of a Turkish word.

risk (risk), a┼čk (love), test (test, trial), S─▒rp (Serbian), film (film, movie), h─▒rs (ambition, passion, greed), kö┼čk (villa, mansion), baht (chance, luck), ┼čans (chance, luck), mert (brave), ┼čart (condition, proviso), , z─▒rh ....

But these are Turkish. Most of them bases on Ancient Turkish:

k─▒rk (forty), Türk (Turkish (nation)), yurt (1homeland, 2dormitory), ilk (first), dört (four), ....

d) The Turkish words don´t end with incontinuant soft consonants (b, c, d, g) except a few exceptions.

The exceptions are these

ad (1name, 2noun), sac (sheet metal), öd (bile), ud (oud)

e) The pronunciation and writing are always exactly the same in Turkish. A letter has only one pronunciation.

 

TURKISH ALPHABET

There are 29 letters in Turkish alphabet. 8 of them are vowel, 21 of them are consonant.

 

Aa (a) Bb (be) Cc (ce) Çç (çe) Dd (de) Ee (e) Ff (fe) Gg (ge) ─×─č (yumu┼čak ge) Hh (he) I─▒ (─▒) ─░i (i) Jj (je) Kk (ke) Ll (le) Mm (me) Nn (ne) Oo (o) Öö (ö) Pp (pe) Rr (re) Ss (se) ┼×┼č (┼če) Tt (te) Uu (u) Üü (ü) Vv (ve) Yy (ye) Zz (ze)


A: arm (kol), car (araba), money (para),

Â: a bit softer/lighter and a bit longer "a"

B: book (kitap),

C: june (haziran), Georgia (Gürcistan)

Ç: chair (sandalye), China (Çin)

D: devil (┼čeytan), destiny (kader)

E: well (iyi), man (adam), May (may─▒s)

F: foot (ayak), 

G:game (oyun), to begin (ba┼člamak)

─×:in German --> grün (g─čün) (ye┼čil) 

H: hi! (selam!, merhaba!), head (ba┼č)

I : in Russian --> bI , in Albanian-->ë , the (d─▒) (-)

─░ : million (milyon), with (ile, -le/-la/-yle/-yla)

Î: sea (sii) (deniz), deep (derin), to see (görmek)

J : garage (garaj)

K: to come (gelmek), king (kral),

L: wild (vah┼či), long (uzun), tall (uzun)

M: moon (Ay), month (ay)

N: name (ad, isim), clean (temiz)

O: long (uzun), responsibility (sorumluluk), novel (roman)

Ö: bird (ku┼č), girl (k─▒z)

P: paper (kâ─č─▒t), deep (derin), soup (çorba)

R: rule (kural), rain (ya─čmur)

S: to sleep (uyumak), soft (yumu┼čak)

┼×: ship (gemi), Turkish (1Türk (nation), 2Türkçe (dil))

T: time (zaman),

U: rule (kural), Lucie, 

Û: moon (ay), noon (ö─čle, ö─člen)

Ü: exactly same as the "ü" which is in German, "y" in Finnish

V: vine (┼čarap)

Y: yellow (sar─▒)

Z: zero (s─▒f─▒r)


Koto, MaurizioTK, yasmin SN, itachix666, moaaz and 11 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View all lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (9)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
Individually Tailored Private Turkish Less...
sumrutemur: Do you want to learn Turkish? Do you want to improve your speaking, wr...
Short English>Turkish plz
Tazx1: Please can a Native speaker of Turkish translate the following sentenc...
E-T: Fasten your seatbelts this is going t...
harp00n: Emniyet ... ... bu; cehenneme yolculuk olacak.
What is the difference between this 2 sent...
harp00n: Actually, there are no difference between them.
Izmir?
og2009: Thank you very much : Çok ... ederiz
Alevi song translation?
Roja: I liked this a lot, but failed to understand some parts. Could anyone ...
Learn Turkish
ani_istanbul: Small groups or 1-1 * Classes also available on ... * Qualified, ......
A┼ča─č─▒daki c├╝mlede \"istersen\"in ne an...
BlackDays: Literally it means "if you ... But we sometimes use that ... like in t...
T-E: gisganiyeah and gidiyeah
mrdr: Hi, These are regional dialect and are not good Turkish. Eko...
10 Kas─▒m
Leo S: "E─čer bir gün benim ... bilimle ters ... bilimi ... "If somed...
T-E
og2009: ... BA┼×LICA TAR─░HSEL SORUN ve ... Bil...
E-T: You have to consider the effect it wi...
tunci: I think ... ... or ... ki┼čilere ... would be more relevant w...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented
To be

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner