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Turkish Grammar-6: Verbs-5.2

2) Surprising/Noticing

 

anahtar (the key)

ev (the house, the home)

kalmak (1to stay, 2....)

unutmak (to forget)

 

anahtar+m(pos. of 1st singular)-------------->anahtar覺m (my key)

anahtar+m(pos. of 1st singular)+覺(accusative)>anahtar覺m覺 (my key)

ev+de(loc.)--------------------------------->evde (at home)

kal+m覺------------------------------------->kalm覺

unut+m覺+im-------------------------------->unutmuum

 

Anahtar覺m evde kalm覺. (My key has stayed at home)

Anahtar覺m覺 evde unutmuum (I have forgetten my key at home)

 

For example, you open your bag and you look for the key. You realise/notice you forgot it at home. And then you say one of those sentence at that moment.

 

kasaba (the town)

yirmi (twenty)

y覺l, sene (year)

gelmek (to come)

çok (1much, 2many)

ey (thing)

deimek (to change (intransitive))

 

kasaba+a (dative)------------>kasabaya (to the town)

y覺l+d覺r(since,for)-------------->y覺ld覺r

gel+me+di+m---------------->gelmedim (I didn´t come)

dei+mi-------------------->deimi

 

Bu kasabaya yirmi y覺ld覺r hiç gelmedim; çok ey deimi. (I have never come to this town for twenty years; many things have changed.)

 

You notice many things had changed. By the way, "hiç" meant there "never".

 

ate (1the fire, 2high temperature (of the body)

yükselmek (to get higher)

 

ate+n(posessive of 2nd singular)------->atein (your temperature)

yüksel+mi----------------------------->yükselmi

 

Atein yükselmi! (Your temperature has increased!) (direct: your temperature has gotten higher!)

 

For example, you put your hand on my forehead and you notice my temperature increased, then you say this to me.

 

çocuk (the child)

çok (1very, 2much, 3many)

iyi (good, well)

yetitirmek (1to grow, 2to bring up)

 

çocuk+lar(plural)+i(accusative)------------>çocuklar覺 (the children (accusative))

yetitir+mi+siniz------------------------->yetitirmisiniz

 

Çocuklar覺 çok iyi yetitirmisiniz. (You have brought the children up very well)

 

For example, there are a few children. You take care about the behaviours of them. You like it. You say to their parents that sentence.

 

güzel (beautiful)

bir (1one, 2a/an, 3....4.....)

araba (the car)

almak (1to take, 2to buy, 3to receive)

 

al+m覺+s覺n-------------->alm覺s覺n

 

Güzel bir araba alm覺s覺n. (You have bought a beautiful car)

 

For example, you look at his car. You like the car, you notice it´s nice. And you say this to him.

 

örenmek (to learn)

 

Türkçe+i(accusative)---------------->Türkçeyi

ören+mi+sin----------------------->örenmisin

 

Türkçeyi çok iyi örenmisin. (You have learnt Turkish very well)

 

For example, you listen to me. You notice I speak Turkish very well.

 

hiçbir ey (nothing)

yazmak (to write)

 

yaz+ma(negative)+mi+sin------------->yazmam覺s覺n

 

Hiçbir ey yazmam覺s覺n. (You have written nothing)

 

For example, you look at my notebook. You notice nothing has been written. You say this to me.

 

öyle (like that)

demek (to say)

istemek (to want)

biz (we)

yanl覺 (false)

anlamak (to understand)

 

iste+me(negative)+mi+ler---------->istememiler

anla+m覺+覺z------------------------>anlam覺覺z

 

Öyle demek istememiler, biz yanl覺 anlam覺覺z. (They haven´t wanted to mean like that, we have understood false)

 

Noticing.

 

birkaç (a few)

dakika (the minute)

uzanmak (1to lie down, 2to reach forth)

istemek (to want)

ama (but)

uyuyakalmak (to fall asleep)

 

iste+di+m-------------------------->istedim (I wanted)

uyuyakal+m覺+覺m------------------->uyuyakalm覺覺m

 

Birkaç dakika uzanmak istedim ama uyuyakalm覺覺m. (I wanted to lie down for a few minutes but I have fallen asleep.)

 

You notice this after you wake up.

_______________________________________________________________________

 

This tense is also used while telling tale. It can also be used so as to tell what happened in the dream.


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