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Turkish Grammar-6: Verbs-6

Our suffix is "-ecek/-acak". The personal suffixes are 1st type. You should remember the combinative "y" and softening of consonant. We´re gonna use them in this case.

 

-ecek+im

-ecek+sin

-ecek+-

-ecek+iz

-ecek+siniz

-ecek+ler

 

-ecek miyim?

-ecek misin?

-ecek mi?

-ecek miyiz?

-ecek misiniz?

-ecekler mi?

 

-ece─čim/-aca─č─▒m I will ...
-eceksin/-acaks─▒n

you will ...

-ecek/-acak he/she/it will ...
-ece─čiz/-aca─č─▒z we will ...
-eceksiniz/-acaks─▒n─▒z you will ...
-ecekler/-acaklar they will ...

 

Let´s choose a verb and conjugate them: ö─črenmek (to learn)

 

ö─čren+ecek+im----------------------->ö─črenece─čim (I will learn)

ö─čren+ecek+sin---------------------->ö─čreneceksin (you will learn)

ö─čren+ecek+- ----------------------->ö─črenecek (he will learn)

ö─čren+ecek+iz------------------------>ö─črenece─čiz (we will learn)

ö─čren+ecek+siniz--------------------->ö─čreneceksiniz (you will learn)

ö─čren+ecek+ler----------------------->ö─črenecekler (they will learn)

 

ö─čren+me+ecek+im------------------->ö─črenmeyece─čim (I won´t learn)

ö─čren+me+ecek+sin------------------->ö─črenmeyeceksin (you won´t learn)

ö─čren+me+ecek+- -------------------->ö─črenmeyecek (he won´t learn)

ö─čren+me+ecek+iz-------------------->ö─črenmeyece─čiz (we won´t learn)

ö─čren+me+ecek+siniz------------------>ö─črenmeyeceksiniz (you won´t learn)

ö─čren+me+ecek+ler-------------------->ö─črenmeyecekler (they won´t learn)

 

ö─črenecek miyim?-------------------->ö─črenecek miyim? (Will I learn?)

ö─črenecek misin?--------------------->ö─črenecek misin? (Will you learn?)

ö─črenecek mi?------------------------>ö─črenecek mi? (Will he learn?)

ö─črenecek miyiz?--------------------->ö─črenecek miyiz? (Will we learn?)

ö─črenecek misiniz?-------------------->ö─črenecek misiniz? (Will you learn?)

ö─črenecekler mi?---------------------->ö─črenecekler mi? (Will they learn?)

 

ö─črenmeyecek miyim?----------------->ö─črenmeyecek miyim? (Won´t I learn?)

ö─črenmeyecek misin?------------------>ö─črenmeyecek misin? (Won´t you lear?)

ö─črenmeyecek mi?--------------------->ö─črenmeyecek mi? (Won´t he learn?)

ö─črenmeyecek miyiz?------------------>ö─črenmeyecek miyiz? (Won´t we learn?)

ö─črenmeyecek misiniz?----------------->ö─črenmeyecek misiniz? (Won´t you learn?)

ö─črenmeyecekler mi?------------------->ö─črenmeyecekler mi? (Won´t they learn?)

 

"e" of "-me" and "e" of "-ecek" are vowels.

COMBINATIVE "Y" REQUIRES!!!!

 

Now let´s go on.

 

gelecek (1the future, 2next (next one))

hafta (the week)

gelecek hafta (next week)

s─▒nav (the exam)

olmak (1to be, 2...3...4...5.....)

s─▒nav olmak (to take an exam)

 

ol+acak+iz---------------->olaca─č─▒z

 

Gelecek hafta s─▒nav olaca─č─▒z. (We´ll take an examination next week)

 

sanmak (to suppose, to think)

ya─čmur (the rain)

ya─čmak (to fall from the sky (for meteorological events))

 

san+r+im---------------->san─▒r─▒m (I think)

ya─č+acak--------------->ya─čacak

 

San─▒r─▒m ya─čmur ya─čacak (I think it´s going to rain)

 

gelecek y─▒l=seneye (next year)

Erasmus

ile (1with, 2by)

yurt (1the homeland, 2the dormitory)

d─▒┼č (the outside)

gitmek (to go)

birkaç (a few)

ay (1the moon (Ay), 2the month)

ora (that place, there)

okumak (1to read, 2to study (to take education at a school))

 

yurt d─▒┼č+─▒ (indefinite posessive determiner)---------->yurt d─▒┼č─▒ (the abroad)

yurt d─▒┼č+─▒+a(dat.)--------------------------------->yurt d─▒┼č─▒na (to the abroad)

yurt d─▒┼č+─▒+da(loc.)--------------------------------->yurt d─▒┼č─▒nda (in the abroad)

Erasmus+le---------------------------------------->Erasmus´la (by Erasmus)

git+ecek------------------------------>gidecek (he will go)

ora+da(loc.)-------------------------->orada (there)

oku+acak----------------------------->okuyacak (he will study)

 

Seneye Erasmus´la yurt d─▒┼č─▒na gidecek ve birkaç ay orada okuyacak (He will go abroad next year by Erasmus and study there for a few months)

 

Both of "u" and "a" were vowels, and "y" came between them as combinative letter.

 

yar─▒n (tomorrow)

erken (early)

kalkmak (1to stand up, 2to get up)

 

kalk+ma(negative)+acak+─▒m-------------->kalkmayaca─č─▒m (I won´t get up)

 

Yar─▒n erken kalkmayaca─č─▒m. (I won´t get up early tomorrow)

 

"a" of "-ma" and "a" of "-acak" are vowels. The task of "y" is to link both of them to each other.

 

maç (the match)

izlemek (to watch)

 

maç+─▒(accusative)--------------------->maç─▒

izle+me+ecek mi+sin------------------->izlemeyecek misin?

 

Maç─▒ izlemeyecek misin? (Won´t you watch the match?)

 

üniversite (the university)

ne zaman? (when?)

mezun olmak (to graduate)

 

üniversite+den(abl.)------------>üniversiteden (from the university)

mezun ol+acak+lar------------->mezun olacaklar (they will graduate)

 

Üniversiteden ne zaman mezun olacaklar? (When will they graduate from the university?)


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