Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Turkish Grammar-5: Nouns-6.2

The second type of personal suffixes are used, like I had talked about before too.

 

ise m isem if I
ise n isen if you
ise   ise if it/she/he
ise k isek if we
ise niz iseniz if you
ise ler

iseler

if they

 

(hungry)

 

aç isem (if i am hungry)

aç isen (if you are hungry)

aç ise (if he is hungry)

aç isek (if we are hungry)

aç iseniz (if you are hungry)

aç iseler (if they are hungry)

 

"i" is going to disappear and "-se/-sa" is going to obey the vowel harmonies when we want to write as suffix.

 

aç+ise+m--------->aç+ise+m-->aç+sa+m---->açsam (if i´m hungry)

aç+ise+n---------->aç+ise+n-->aç+sa+n----->açsan (if you are hungry)

aç+ise+----------->aç+ise+--->aç+sa+------->açsa (if he is hungry)

aç+ise+k---------->aç+ise+k-->aç+sa+k------>açsak (if we are hungry)

aç+ise+niz-------->aç+ise+niz->aç+sa+n覺z---->açsan覺z (if you are hungry)

aç+ise+ler--------->aç+ise+ler->aç+sa+lar----->açsalar (if they are hungry)

/aç+lar+ise-------->aç+lar+ise-->aç+lar+sa----->açlarsa (if they are hungry)

 

yemek (1to eat,2the meal)

haz覺rlamak (1to prepare, 2to cook (for the meals))

 

Açsan yemek haz覺rlayabilirim. (I can cook if you are hungry)

/Aç isen

 

kitap (book)

benim (my)

senin (your)

niye, neden (why)

demek (to say)

 

senin ise--->seninse (if it is yours)

de+me+yor+sin--->demiyorsun (you aren´t saying)

 

bu kitap senin (this book is yours)

niye "benim" demiyorsun? (why don´t you say "it is mine"?)

Bu kitap seninse niye "benim" demiyorsun? (Why don´t you say "it is mine" if this book is yours?)

 

It would be exactly the same if you wrote "senin ise".

 

pahal覺 (expensive)

almak (1to take, 2to buy, 3to receive, 4...5...6....)

 

deil ise--->deilse (if it isn´t)

pahal覺 deil (it isn´t expensive)

al+r+im--->al覺r覺m (i take/i buy)

 

Pahal覺 deilse al覺r覺m. (I buy if it isn´t expensive.)

 

"i" is going to become "y" because "ise" is going to be add a vowel-ended word. I don´t need to say "-sa/-se" is going to obey the vowel harmony because the vowel harmonies are the most essential in Turkish)

 

vakit, zaman (time)

gece (the night)

yar覺 (half-)

gürültü yapmak (to make noise)

yanl覺 (1false, 2wrong, ....)

olmak (1to be, 2.to become, 3to happen,4..5....7...)

 

gece yar覺+覺(poss.)-->gece yar覺s覺 (midnight (direct: half of night))

vakit gece yar覺s覺 (the time is midnight)

yar覺s覺+ise+--->yar覺s覺ysa

ol+r---->olur (it is (direct: it does be))

 

Vakit gece yar覺s覺ysa gürültü yapmak yanl覺 olur. (It is false to make noise if the time is midnight)

 

s覺nav (the exam)

haftaya (in next week)

imdiden (from now on)

çal覺mak (1to work, 2to study, 3....4....5...)

balamak (1to start, 2to begin, ...)

 

haftaya ise------------>haftayaysa (if it is in next week)

 

S覺nav haftayaysa çal覺maya imdiden balaman gerek. (You need to start to study from now on if the exam is in next week.)

 

tok (full (not hungry))

daha fazla (more (comparative of "much"))

yemek (1to eat, 2.....)

 

tok isen---->toksan (if you are full)

ye+me+- -->yeme (don´t eat)

 

Toksan daha fazla yeme. (Eat no more if you are full (direct: don´t eat more .....))

 

aç覺k (1open, 2light (for colours), 3too far (for sea), 4...5...)

banka (the bank)

saat kaç? (what time is it?, what is the time?)

öyle (so)

kapal覺 (closed)

-dir (1...2....3guessing/possibility, 4...5...6..)

 

aç覺k ise------>aç覺ksa (if it is open)

banka+e---->bankaya (to the bank)

git+ecek+iz->gideceiz (we will go)

öyle ise------>öyleyse (if so)

kapal覺+dir---->kapal覺d覺r

 

-Aç覺ksa bankaya gideceiz. Saat kaç? (We will go to the bank if it is open. What time is it?)

-Alt覺. (Six.)

-Öyleyse kapal覺d覺r. (If so, it may be closed.)


cosmopolite liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View all lessons in this class - The GRAMMAR Garden OF MEHMET111

View All Turkish Classes




Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
Individually Tailored Private Turkish Less...
sumrutemur: Do you want to learn Turkish? Do you want to improve your speaking, wr...
Short English>Turkish plz
Tazx1: Please can a Native speaker of Turkish translate the following sentenc...
E-T: Fasten your seatbelts this is going t...
harp00n: Emniyet ... ... bu; cehenneme yolculuk olacak.
What is the difference between this 2 sent...
harp00n: Actually, there are no difference between them.
Izmir?
og2009: Thank you very much : Çok ... ederiz
Alevi song translation?
Roja: I liked this a lot, but failed to understand some parts. Could anyone ...
Learn Turkish
ani_istanbul: Small groups or 1-1 * Classes also available on ... * Qualified, ......
Aa覺daki c羹mlede \"istersen\"in ne an...
BlackDays: Literally it means "if you ... But we sometimes use that ... like in t...
T-E: gisganiyeah and gidiyeah
mrdr: Hi, These are regional dialect and are not good Turkish. Eko...
10 Kas覺m
Leo S: "Eer bir gün benim ... bilimle ters ... bilimi ... "If somed...
T-E
og2009: ... BALICA TAR襤HSEL SORUN ve ... Bil...
E-T: You have to consider the effect it wi...
tunci: I think ... ... or ... kiilere ... would be more relevant w...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most commented
To be

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner