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CAUSIVES

MAIN VERBS Verb+t      
Verb     Causitive  
Ac覺mak to give pain ache Active Ac覺 + t+mak to hurt
  to( be) hurt      
  to become bitter      
         
Elim ac覺yor My hand hurts Active Elimi ac覺tt覺m I hurt my hand
Aye´ye ac覺d覺m I felt pity for Ayse      
         
Aç覺klamak To explain   Aç覺kla+t+mak to have someone  explain
        to let someone  explain
         
         
Ar覺mak To ache Active Ar覺+t+mak to cause something else  ache
Elim ar覺yor My hand aches   Ba覺n覺 ar覺tt覺m I caused you headache
         
         
         
Alamak To cry Active Ala+t+mak to make someone cry
Çocuk al覺yor The child is crying   Film çocuu alatt覺 The film made the child  cry
         
Aramak to look for-- to call   Ara+t+mak to have someone call
Annemi telefonla arad覺m I called my mother  by phone   Müdür sekreterine Ali The Manager had her secretary call
      beyi aratt覺 Ali bey
         
Ay覺rmak to separate, reserve, isolate Active Ay覺r+t+mak to reserve -to make separate
  detach,split   John telefonla lokantada J. made restaurant  reservation
      yer ay覺rtt覺 by phone
         
Azalmak     Azal+t+mak to reduce, decrease, cut down
Saçlar覺m azald覺 My hair got rare   Yemekte tuzu azaltt覺m I reduced the salt in dishes
         
         
Balamak To start   Bala+t+mak to make someone start
        to launch begin set off lead away
Dün ie balad覺m I started to work yesterday     give a start
      Çocuu kursa balatt覺m. I let the child  begin to attend
        the courses
Beklemek To wait   Bekle+t+mek to make some wait, stall
Adam kar覺s覺n覺 saatlerdir The man is waiting for her wife   Seni beklettiim için Sorry to make you wait
bekliyor since hours   üzgünüm  
Benzetmek     Benze+t+mek to mistaken- think that someone
        looks like someone else
Bu k覺z annesine benziyor This girl looks like her mother   Seni Marilyn´e benzettim I  likened you to Marilyn.
         
Boyamak To paint   Boya+t+mak to have s.one paint
         
Boyanmak to be coloured   Ali evini boyatt覺 Ali had his house painted
  to put on make up      
         
Büyümek     Büyü+t+mek  
Ayse bu y覺l  birden büyüdü Aye  has grown up   Ali bey 3 çocuk büyüttü Ali bey raised 3 children
  this year suddenly.      
         
Ç覺ld覺rmak To get crazy   Ç覺ld覺r+t+mak To make someone crazy
Öretmen s覺n覺fta k覺z覺p ç覺ld覺rd覺 The teacher got mad and   Örenciler öretmeni ç覺ld覺rtt覺 The students drove  their teacher  crazy
  became crazy in the classroom      
         
Dar覺lmak to be cross   Dar覺l+t+mak to give offense - to displease
Sana k覺zd覺m ve dar覺ld覺m I got mad and I am cross      
  with you   Arkada覺m覺 davet etmedim, I didn´t invite my friend, I offensed
      dar覺ltt覺m him
Dinlemek To listen A Dinle+t+mek To make listen
imdi müzik dinliyorum Now I´m listening to music   Oluma Bach´tan bir parça I make listen to my son a piece
      dinletiyorum from Bach.
         
Düzelmek     Düzeltmek  
to get better - to reheal     To correct-fix -straighten  
Hastayd覺m, düzeldim I was sick, I got well   Örtüyü düzelt Fix the cover
      Hatan覺 düzelttim I corrected your mistake
Ezberlemek to learn by heart A Ezberle+t+mek To make someone learn by heart
  commit memory      
Çarp覺m tablosunu ezberledim I learned  the multiplication table by heart   Öretmen tabloyu örencilere ezberletti. The teacher made the students
        learn the multiplication table by heart
         
Erimek to melt to dissolve A Eri+t+mek to make melt
Tereya eridi. The butter got  melted   Tereya覺 erittin You melted the butter
         
Getirmek To bring   Getir+t+mek To make bring
Bize lütfen bir çay Please bring one cup of  tea   Köpei bize uçakla getirttik. We have let them
 Getirin       bring  us the dog  by airplane
Hat覺rlamak To remember   Hat覺rla+t+mak To remind
Eski günlerimizi hat覺rlamak I want to remember our old days   Sana parti saatini I´d like to remind you
istiyorum     hat覺rlatmak isterim the party hour
         
襤mzalamak To sign   襤mzala+t+mak To let someone  sign
Lütfen buray覺 imzalar m覺s覺n覺z? Would you please sign here      
      Bu dokuman覺 müdür beye You have to make the manager
      imzalatman覺z gerekiyor sign this document
         
K覺salmak   A K覺sal+t+mak  
Bu pantolon y覺kan覺nca k覺sald覺 These  trousers got shortened   Pantalonu k覺saltt覺m I have shorten the trousers
  when washed      
         
K覺zarmak     K覺zar+t+mak  
Bal覺klar k覺zard覺 The fish  are fried   Bal覺klar覺 k覺zartt覺m I fried the fish
Günete k覺zard覺m I got sun tanned      
         
         
Kurumak   A Kuru+t+mak  
Çama覺rlar kuruyorlar The laundry is getting dry   Bu ampuan  saç覺m覺 This shampoo dried my hair
      kuruttu  
    DC Saç覺m覺 berbere kurutturdum I let the barber dry my hair
Küçülmek   A Küçül+t+mek  
Bu panatalon y覺kan覺nca These trousers shrank when washed   Pantalonu kendim küçülttüm I made the trousers smaller by myself
küçüldü   DC Terziye küçülttürdüm I have let the tailor make  the trousers smaller
         
Korkmak To be afraid   Korkutmak To scare
         
Ben fareden korkar覺m I´m afraid of mice.   Bir hayaleti taklit ederek kardeimi korkuttum I scared my sister  imitating a ghost
         
         
Oynamak To play   Oyna+t+mak To make something play, or to move something
         
Çocuklar bahçede oynuyorlar The children are playing in the garden Trans. Ben iple kediyi oynat覺yorum I  am making  the cat play with the  rope
         
Okumak     Oku+t+mak to make study
        pay for the sudies
Bugün biraz k覺tap oku Today do a little reading from your book   Babas覺 Aye´yi Amerika´da Ayse´s father made her study in the
      okuttu U.S.A
         
Özlemek To miss   Özle+t+mek To make someone  else miss something
      Bu hava bana memleketimi This weather made me miss  my country
Seni özledim I missed you   özletti  
         
Parlamak To shine   Parlatmak To make something shine
         
Güne parl覺yor, hava çok güzel. The sun is shining, the weather is   Gümüleri parlat Polish the silver
  beautiful      
Soumak To cool down   Soutmak To make something cool down
Hava souyor The weather is getting cooler   Bu klima iyi soutuyor This air conditioner cools well
         
         
Söylemek To tell   Söyletmek To make someone  tell
      Söylettirmek  
Bana kimse bir ey söylemedi No one told me anything DC Bana kimse bu s覺rr覺 söyletemez No one can make me tell this secret
         
a覺rmak To be surprised   a覺rtmak to surprise someone
      Bu yava koan at kazan覺p This slow horse won and surprised all of us
Bu habere çok a覺rd覺k We were very surprised by   hepimizi a覺rtt覺  
  this news      
imanlamak to get fat   imanlatmak to make someone get fat
      Patates ve bira imanlat覺r Potatoes and beer make people fat
Bu y覺l on kilo ald覺m, imanlad覺m This year I gained 10 pounds, I got fat      
         
Tan覺mak To know   Tan覺tmak To introduce
         
Ben bu insanlar覺 tan覺m覺yorum I don´t know these peole   Bana kendinizi tan覺t覺r m覺s覺n覺z? Would you introduce yourself
        to me?
Taramak To comb   Taratmak To let someone else comb
Saçlar覺n覺 tara, kötü olmular Comb your hair, it looks bad   Berbere saçlar覺m覺 taratt覺m I had the hairdresser comb my hair
         
Ta覺mak To carry   Ta覺tmak To let someone else  carry
         
Annene kutuyu  ta覺tma, Don´t let your mother carry   Bavullar覺 çocuklara ta覺t Let the boys carry the bags
sen kendin ta覺 the box, carry it  yourself      
         
Temizlemek To clean   Temizletmek Arabam覺 irkete temizletiyorum
Arabam覺 temizliyorum I´m cleaning my car   To let someone else clean I let them clean my car at the car wash
         
         
Uzamak To become lengthy   Uzatmak To make something become lengthy
Bu konuma çok uzad覺 This speech became very lenghthy   Laf覺 uzatma don´t make your speech long
      Uzatt覺rmak To lenghthen
      Etegimi uzatt覺rmak istiyorum I want to lengthen my skirt
Ütülemek To iron   Ütületmek To let someone else iron
         
Bu gömlei hemen ütülemeliyim I must iron this shirt right away   Gömleinizi kime ütületiyorsunuz? Who irons your shirt?
         
Y覺kamak To Wash   Y覺katmak =y覺katt覺rmak to have someone else do the wash
         
Ben havlumu y覺kad覺m I washed my towel   Havlumu sana y覺katmam I won´t let you wash my towel
         
Zay覺flamak To lose weight   Zay覺flatmak To make someone else lose weight
Aye bu y覺l 2 kg verdi, zay覺flad覺. this year Ayse lost 2KG, she lost weight     I made my dog lose weight
         
         
         



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