Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Noun states

In Turkish, a noun has 5 fundamental states, produced using suffixes, that correspond to meanings of some prepositions in English. It is not necessary to learn these as the states of nouns, but learning these suffixes is important since they are very commonly used.

State Meaning
Nothing state (no suffix) Just the plain noun.
-i state Marks the noun as the subject of an action.
-e state Adds the meaning of direction (very similar to the proposition to)
-de state Adds the meaning of position (Used for the prepositions in, at, on)
-den state Adds the meaning of from, used for this preposition

An important thing to note here is the use of the -i form. It is used to denote the subject of an action, and adds the meaning of "being known, specified" just as the meaning given by "the". This will be more clear after looking at the sentences below. (bir --> one, kedi --> cat, gördüm --> I saw)

Bir kedi gördüm. --> I saw a cat. (Note that although cat is the object of the action here, the -i form of kedi is not used since it is not known, i.e. it is a cat, not the cat)

Kediyi gördüm. --> I saw the cat. (Note that kedi has the suffix -i, but the two -i's are separated by the fusion consonant 'y'.)

Now, example sentences for all the cases.

  • Nothing state:

    • This is a house. --> Bu bir ev.

  • -i state:

    • I saw the house. --> Evi gördüm.

  • -e state:

    • Go home. --> Eve git. (House and home are the same word in Turkish, 'ev'.)

  • -de state:

    • The pen is on the table. --> Kalem masada.

    • Joe is at school. --> Joe okulda.

    • Your mother is in that room. --> Annen o odada.

  • -den state:

    • I came from home. --> Evden geldim.


danadalloway, Monanpm, aldahir7741, Redheaddd, Em89 and 309 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (152)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
E to T
harp00n: En sevdiğin yemek nedir ?
çay verir misiniz?\"
turþu: You can use "Tuzu verir misiniz?" in this context. However it ...
çok olur ne demek
turþu: The sentence means something along the lines of "big headed people end...
English to Turkish
Mamali: Thank you
Turkish to English translation 10
denizli: The issue is the length of text. The shorter, the more likely ...
23 Nisan Kutlu olsun !
harp00n: One more from me...
Ankaraya donuyorsun?
scalpel - -: depending on the context, it can be present continuous or futu...
TÜRKÇE
og2009: ... ... DÜNYA DİLLERİ VE ... Önder ... ... 28.02.2013 / ...
T-E
og2009: ... ... yaparken sizler hem kendinizi ... ... ... ... ... artıyor he...
T-E
og2009: TEK DÜNYA VE BİZ ... ... ... ... ÜLKE, ...
bu ne demek?
harp00n: It´s daily Turkish. Bunun anlamı nedir ? = Bu ne demek...
Old member friends
og2009: Thank you so much Alameda.
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked
Major Vowel Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Alphabet

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Noun states

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Numbers

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Necla Hanim Necla Hanim

Picture by Tazx1
A juice seller A juice seller

Picture by elenagabriela
Alanya kids Alanya kids

Picture by cilek
Vegetable stands on the street Vegetable stands on the street

Picture by azade
Village people Village people

Picture by Kajsa
Mustafa Bey Mustafa Bey

Picture by Tazx1