Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Noun states

In Turkish, a noun has 5 fundamental states, produced using suffixes, that correspond to meanings of some prepositions in English. It is not necessary to learn these as the states of nouns, but learning these suffixes is important since they are very commonly used.

State Meaning
Nothing state (no suffix) Just the plain noun.
-i state Marks the noun as the subject of an action.
-e state Adds the meaning of direction (very similar to the proposition to)
-de state Adds the meaning of position (Used for the prepositions in, at, on)
-den state Adds the meaning of from, used for this preposition

An important thing to note here is the use of the -i form. It is used to denote the subject of an action, and adds the meaning of "being known, specified" just as the meaning given by "the". This will be more clear after looking at the sentences below. (bir --> one, kedi --> cat, gördüm --> I saw)

Bir kedi gördüm. --> I saw a cat. (Note that although cat is the object of the action here, the -i form of kedi is not used since it is not known, i.e. it is a cat, not the cat)

Kediyi gördüm. --> I saw the cat. (Note that kedi has the suffix -i, but the two -i's are separated by the fusion consonant 'y'.)

Now, example sentences for all the cases.

  • Nothing state:

    • This is a house. --> Bu bir ev.

  • -i state:

    • I saw the house. --> Evi gördüm.

  • -e state:

    • Go home. --> Eve git. (House and home are the same word in Turkish, 'ev'.)

  • -de state:

    • The pen is on the table. --> Kalem masada.

    • Joe is at school. --> Joe okulda.

    • Your mother is in that room. --> Annen o odada.

  • -den state:

    • I came from home. --> Evden geldim.


znbamer, annika94, check kan, Nedanegar, andrea.graffe and 324 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (153)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
Grammar Textbook
qdemir: The e-book version is now $4.99 instead of $9.99 at Amazon.com till th...
TURK-ENG. .THX...
mrdr: Hi, This is more difficult than other sentence. I try to translate. ...
TUR-ENG thank you...
mrdr: Hi,It is very difficult to protect real ... I translated in Go...
Eid
bydand: Iyi Bayramlar.
T羹rk癟em kontrol edebilir misin l羹tfen?
john250: yardimin ... teekkur ederim. Hersey anladim
T羹rk癟em kontrol edebilir mis覺n l羹tfen?
john250: yard覺m覺n ... teekkur eder覺m
G繹re explained
ETurgut1974: Thank you
G繹re explained
ETurgut1974: I understand that ... ... means ... to me’. In a movie I re...
G繹re explained
ETurgut1974: I understand that ... ... means ... to me’. In a movie I re...
- m覺t覺 / -d覺
: ...
e to t please
mrdr: Haziran sonunda ... ... Orada olacak m覺s覺n? Seninle buluma...
T羹rkcem kontrol edebilier misin l羹tfen?
qdemir: Rica ederim.
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked