Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Print view

Noun states

In Turkish, a noun has 5 fundamental states, produced using suffixes, that correspond to meanings of some prepositions in English. It is not necessary to learn these as the states of nouns, but learning these suffixes is important since they are very commonly used.

State Meaning
Nothing state (no suffix) Just the plain noun.
-i state Marks the noun as the subject of an action.
-e state Adds the meaning of direction (very similar to the proposition to)
-de state Adds the meaning of position (Used for the prepositions in, at, on)
-den state Adds the meaning of from, used for this preposition

An important thing to note here is the use of the -i form. It is used to denote the subject of an action, and adds the meaning of "being known, specified" just as the meaning given by "the". This will be more clear after looking at the sentences below. (bir --> one, kedi --> cat, gördüm --> I saw)

Bir kedi gördüm. --> I saw a cat. (Note that although cat is the object of the action here, the -i form of kedi is not used since it is not known, i.e. it is a cat, not the cat)

Kediyi gördüm. --> I saw the cat. (Note that kedi has the suffix -i, but the two -i's are separated by the fusion consonant 'y'.)

Now, example sentences for all the cases.

  • Nothing state:

    • This is a house. --> Bu bir ev.

  • -i state:

    • I saw the house. --> Evi gördüm.

  • -e state:

    • Go home. --> Eve git. (House and home are the same word in Turkish, 'ev'.)

  • -de state:

    • The pen is on the table. --> Kalem masada.

    • Joe is at school. --> Joe okulda.

    • Your mother is in that room. --> Annen o odada.

  • -den state:

    • I came from home. --> Evden geldim.


check kan, Nedanegar, andrea.graffe, sofi N&S, Dimitrijevicka and 322 others liked this lesson


View all beginner level lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View all lessons in this class - Turkish Grammar Lessons

View All Turkish Classes


Comments (153)



Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
E-T
og2009: çok ... ederim, Leo.
E to T: You have a preconceived notion
Leo S: You have a ... notion of who I am or who I might be without even knowi...
E to T: You are projecting your fears, neg...
Leo S: You are projecting your fears, negative ... upon me; your experience i...
E to T: You are entitled to your opinion
Leo S: You are entitled to your opinion, I will take it into ... when making ...
Free Turkish vocabulary book
qdemir: You can get ... Vocabulary Booster: Word formation in ... free at ... ...
T-E
og2009: ... Some writers like F.Kafka and some wise men say ... can ...
E to T: car parking spot
scalpel - -: Sence başkası ne zaman park eder buraya? Şu yakından bir ...
E to T: boring question
Leo S: I find that to be the most boring question - ... you ask me anything o...
T to E please
harp00n: You are welcome.
What´s the difference between a resi...
natiypuspi: Mahal, in Taj Mahal, means Palace.
E-T: I´m after a month by month non-...
gokuyum: Ben bir yıl ... aylık ... ve ... anlaşma yapmak istiyorum. T&...
ne demek?
gokuyum: "
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked
Pronouns 1

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Negatives

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Alphabet

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Consonant Harmony

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
House and furniture

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Vowel Rules

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Infinitives and Plurals

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Questions

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: intermediate
Noun states

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner
Antonyms

Turkish lesson by admin
Level: beginner