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Some spelling rules in Turkish
(42 Messages in 5 pages - View all)
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30.       tunci
7149 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 01:20 am

 

18. The loanwords that has two or more consonants next to next in them are written  without adding a vowel between them.

alafranga

apartman

biyografi

elektrik

gangster

kilogram

orkestra

paragraf

tel­graf


31.       Mavili
236 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 06:23 am

I need to get all this to my notes to study when i am away from the PC.Tunci you always do make very informative threads. {#emotions_dlg.bigsmile}And don´t sell yourself short, I really think you do. Now that you´ve posted it I realize spelling(context) rules would be good to know.

And sorry I´ve been missing lately because of trying to focus on classwork, and have had to sadly neglect Turkish in order to ensure I pass this class, and i miss coming here as often and I miss my friends here{#emotions_dlg.sad}. I hope that once this class finishes, in about half a week that I´ll have more time to come around and participate.

32.       Abla
3647 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 10:30 am

We missed you, too, Mavili.

Mavili liked this message
33.       tunci
7149 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 10:34 am

 

Quoting Mavili

I need to get all this to my notes to study when i am away from the PC.Tunci you always do make very informative threads. {#emotions_dlg.bigsmile}And don´t sell yourself short, I really think you do. Now that you´ve posted it I realize spelling(context) rules would be good to know.

And sorry I´ve been missing lately because of trying to focus on classwork, and have had to sadly neglect Turkish in order to ensure I pass this class, and i miss coming here as often and I miss my friends here{#emotions_dlg.sad}. I hope that once this class finishes, in about half a week that I´ll have more time to come around and participate.

 

Hoşgeldin Mavili. It is good to hear from you. You havent been around a while. You have been missed !! You are a very good genuine learner.  Hope to see you soon in Turkish Class..

 

Mavili liked this message
34.       tunci
7149 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 11:25 am

 

19. In western origin words that end with double consonants  dont take vowel between the consonants.

film

form

ks

modern

natürmort

psikiyatr

seks

slayt

teyp

35.       tunci
7149 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 11:51 am

 

20. In two western loadword the "g" softenes into "ğ".

fotoğraf

topoğraf

36.       tunci
7149 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 12:01 pm

 

21. In Arabic origin words that are originally having double consonants in the end are written with a single consonant in Turkish. However , when those words takes a vowel or auxillary verb attached to them, then the consonant doubles.

hak [hakkı]

his [hissi]

ret [reddi]

şer [şerri]

tıp [tıbbı]

zam [zammı]

zan [zannı]

af [affetmek]

his (hissetmek]




Edited (5/20/2012) by tunci

37.       tunci
7149 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 02:13 pm

 

22. In Turkish there are 21 consonant ;

      b, c, ç, d, f, g, ğ, h, j, k, l, m, n, p, r, s, ş, t, v, y, z

      They are divided into two group due to the condition of being vibrated in vocal cord when they are read ;

1. Soft consonants [consonants with tone, these consonants are read by vibrating vocal cords] ---> b, c, d, g, ğ, j, l, m, n, r, v, y, z

2. Hard consonants [ toneless consonants, these consonants are read without vibrating vocal cords] ----> ç, f, h, k, p, s, ş, t

-------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

23. Original [pure] Turkish words do NOT take b, c, d, g  to their end. However in few words, to state the difference in the meaning they can take those consonants in writing language.

ad (name), at (horse)

od (fire), ot (grass,weed)

sac (flat iron), saç (hair).






38.       tunci
7149 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 02:47 pm

 

23. In original forms of loanwords, the soft consonant in the end hardens in order to adapt them into Turkish phonetic.

  Original form                      Adapted form into Turkish

 kitab                                            kitap

sebeb                                             sebep

metod                                            metot

cild                                                cilt 

etüd                                               etüt

 

 

 



Edited (5/20/2012) by tunci
Edited (5/20/2012) by tunci

Moha-ios liked this message
39.       tunci
7149 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 05:34 pm

 

24. When those adapted loanwords take suffix that start with vowel the hard consonants softens.


kitap / kitabı

sebep / sebebi

bant / bandı

bent / bendi

cilt / cildi

etüt / etüdü

metot / metodu

standart / standardı

ahenk / ahengi

renk / rengi

------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Warning ;

In some adapted loanwords the final consonant do NOT softens.

ahlak / ahlakın

cumhuriyet / cumhuriyete

evrak / evrakı

hukuk / hukuku

ittifak / ittifaka

sepet / sepeti

tank / tankı

 




 

40.       tunci
7149 posts
 20 May 2012 Sun 05:48 pm

 

25. When multisyllable words that have  p, ç, t, k  final consonant softens into b, c, d, ğ when take suffix that start with a vowel.


kelep / kelebi

ağaç / ağacı

kazanç / kazancı

geçit / geçidi

kanat / kanadı

başak / başağı

bıçak / bıçağı

---------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

Warning ;

There are  some multisyllable words that are exception to this rule.

anıt / anıtı

bulut / bulutu

kanıt / kanıtı

ölçüt / ölçütü




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