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Samples of past tense sentences
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1.       Sil on the Hill
125 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 02:11 pm

Selam!

Can someone help me by giving me some easy sentences constructed in the simple past tense? Such as,

"I went to work"
"I rode my bike this weekend"
"I didn't understand"

çok teşekkür, arkadaşlar!

2.       CANLI
5084 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 02:37 pm

First let me remind you how do we form a past tense sentence

Take gelmek for example
Gelmek means to come
İt contain of the verb root ''gel'' and ''mek'' mastar

So to form a past tens of gelmek

Verb root + DI + personal suffix

Gel + di + m ------- İ came
Gel + di + n ------- You came
Gel + di + ------- He came
Gel + di + k ------- We came
Gel + di + niz------ You came 'plural or formal,or with elders'
Gel + di + ler------ They came

Of course you change D to T or I to İ,Ãœ,U accourding to the vowel harmony
Now lets get to the sentences

"I went to work"
İşe giTTim
"I rode my bike this weekend"
Bisikletime bindim bu hafta sonu
"I didn't understand"
Anlamadım

Note that we used the MA suffix 'which is the negative suffix' here right after the verb root then we put the tense suffix ,and the personal suffix as in order

This will help you much too
winmekmak

PS: any correction is welcome

3.       sonunda
5004 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 02:42 pm

Quoting Sil on the Hill:

Selam!

Can someone help me by giving me some easy sentences constructed in the simple past tense? Such as,

"I went to work"
"I rode my bike this weekend"
"I didn't understand"

çok teşekkür, arkadaşlar!



Take the stem of the verb
i.e. git from gitmek-to go
bin from binmek-to ride
anlama from anlamamak-to not understand

add the past simple personal form of the verb 'to be'

i.e dim
din
di
dik
diniz
diler

so I went=gittim
I rode=bindim
I didn't understand =anlamadım

The endings follow the rules of vowel harmony.

4.       sonunda
5004 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 02:43 pm

Sorry-I didn't see your post Canli!

5.       CANLI
5084 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 02:47 pm


2 opinions always better than 1 sonunda
And glad to see more than 1 in language forum FİNALLY
İ just wish caliptrix can look it up also

6.       sonunda
5004 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 03:16 pm

Thanks for the encouragement! I'm a bit nervous in case I get it wrong but as I've taught myself I know what worked for me.

7.       Sil on the Hill
125 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 03:40 pm

Quoting CANLI:

First let me remind you how do we form a past tense sentence

Take gelmek for example
Gelmek means to come
İt contain of the verb root ''gel'' and ''mek'' mastar

So to form a past tens of gelmek

Verb root + DI + personal suffix

Gel + di + m ------- İ came
Gel + di + n ------- You came
Gel + di + ------- He came
Gel + di + k ------- We came
Gel + di + niz------ You came 'plural or formal,or with elders'
Gel + di + ler------ They came

Of course you change D to T or I to İ,Ãœ,U accourding to the vowel harmony
Now lets get to the sentences

"I went to work"
İşe giTTim
"I rode my bike this weekend"
Bisikletime bindim bu hafta sonu
"I didn't understand"
Anlamadım

Note that we used the MA suffix 'which is the negative suffix' here right after the verb root then we put the tense suffix ,and the personal suffix as in order

This will help you much too
winmekmak

PS: any correction is welcome



Thank you so much, Canli! What great instruction.

8.       Sil on the Hill
125 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 03:41 pm

Quoting sonunda:

Sorry-I didn't see you post Canli!



Sonunda, thank you also to you! I appreciate all replies and I, too, am teaching myself. I love it and hope to be fluent so I can stop asking questions!! I am glad for the language support and encouragement!

Kendine iyi bak,
Silvia

9.       sonunda
5004 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 04:10 pm

Fluent eh? Good luck with that!

10.       caliptrix
3055 posts
 22 Mar 2008 Sat 04:18 pm

Quoting Sil on the Hill:


çok teşekkür, arkadaşlar!



Çok teşekkürler with -ler or
Çok teşşekkür ederim would be better

Canlı's explanations seems fine. Good job. Furthermore, there are narrative/hearsay past "-miş" and combinations of a past tense and one of anothers or these two past tenses.

Sinemaya gitti

Sinemaya gitmiş

Sinemaya gidiyordu

Sinemaya gidiyormuş

Sinemaya gidecekti

Sinemaya gidecekmiş

Sinemaya gitmişti

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