Welcome
Login:   Pass:     Register - Forgot Password - Resend Activation

Turkish Class Forums / Language

Language

Add reply to this discussion
the - man [-men] suffix in Turkish
(55 Messages in 6 pages - View all)
[1] 2 3 4 5 6
1.       tunci
7149 posts
 26 Sep 2011 Mon 03:06 pm

 

This suffix -man [-men] makes some verbs nouns. [note ; not all verbs, some verbs ! ]

The Formula is ;

 Verb stem + man [men] according to vowel harmony

Danışmak --->  To counsult, to advice   ----  Danışman --->  Consultant, adviser

Öğretmek ---> To teach   ------  Öğretmen ---> Teacher

Eğitmek  -----> To educate  ----  Eğitmen  -----> Educater

Göçmek  ------> To immigrate ---> Göçmen  ---> Immigrant

Seçmek -------> To choose, to elect,to vote -----> Seçmen ----> Voter [in elections]

Yönetmek ------> To manage, to direct  ------> Yönetmen  ----->  Director [ in films]

Şişmek  ---------> To swell, to get fat    ------>  Şişman -------->  Fat

Saymak ---------->  To count -------> Sayman -----> Accountant

 

 

 

 

 

Moha-ios, heve, awish and Henry liked this message
2.       tunci
7149 posts
 26 Sep 2011 Mon 09:40 pm

 

The Suffix " -cık [ -cik, -cuk, cük ]

 

1. when it is put in the end of nouns it gives the meaning of " affection, compassion , diminutive suffix "

 

ev [ house ] -------> evcik  ------> little house

kedi [cat] ----------> kedicik ------> little cat, poor cat.

kuş [bird] ----------> kuşçuk -------> little bird, poor bid

Ali ---------------> Alicik ---------> little Ali, poor Ali

 

Moha-ios and heve liked this message
3.       tunci
7149 posts
 26 Sep 2011 Mon 10:06 pm

 

2. when the Suffix " -cık [ -cik, -cuk, cük ] comes to the end of Some adjectives ,it strengthens their [adjectives] meanings.

 

Az [little,less] ---> Azıcık ----> Very little

Mini [ small, short ] --> Minicik ---> Very small, very short

Sıcak [ Hot ] --------> Sıcacık ---> Very hot

Yumuşak [Soft] -------> Yumuşacık ---> Very soft

Dar [ Narrow ] ---------> Daracık ------> Very narrow

 

 

Moha-ios and heve liked this message
4.       tunci
7149 posts
 26 Sep 2011 Mon 10:20 pm

 

3. The Suffix " -cık [ -cik, -cuk, cük ] is used to adress people when its used with possessive suffix.

 

Babacığım ----> My dear Father

Anneciğim ------> My dear Mother

Ablacığım --------> My dear sister [older sister]

Amcacığım --------> My dear uncle [father´s side]

Dayıcığım ----------> My dear uncle [mother´s side]

Ayşeciğim ----------> My dear Ayşe

Nurcuğum -----------> My dear Nur

 

 

 

 



Edited (9/26/2011) by tunci

Moha-ios and heve liked this message
5.       tunci
7149 posts
 26 Sep 2011 Mon 10:26 pm

 

4. The Suffix " -cık [ -cik, -cuk, cük ] also makes some nouns " the place " name.

 

Ovacık

Germencik

Ayvacık

Saraycık

Yakacık

Tepecik

 

 

Moha-ios and heve liked this message
6.       tunci
7149 posts
 26 Sep 2011 Mon 11:55 pm

 

The suffix " -daş [-deş ]

 

Some nouns take this suffix and it changes their meaning into "togetherness, equality "

 

Ad [name] -----> Adaş [ one with the same name as other, namesake ]

 

Karın [ Tummy,womb] ----> [Karındaş] Kardeş ---> One who comes from same tummy [womb] [ sibling]

 

Çağ [ era ] + daş  ---> Çağdaş [ Contemporary,modern]

 

Meslek [ profession ] + taş ["d" turns into "t" ] ----> Meslektaş ---> Collegaue

 

Soy [race]  ----> Soydaş ---> A person who comes from same ancestor.

 

Vatan [ country ]  ---> Vatandaş ----> Countryman, Citizen.

 

Yol [ road ] ---> Yoldaş ----> Companion, Comrade

 

 

 

Moha-ios and heve liked this message
7.       Abla
3647 posts
 27 Sep 2011 Tue 09:20 am

Hello, tunci, nice new thread. The transparency of Turkish words is amazing and it´s good you explain it to us learners.

It also rises up a rhetoric question. As in Turkish (and in other agglutivative languages) many words are produced from the same stems, is it that in these languages the grammar book is thicker and the dictionary book is thinner than in English, for instance?

heve liked this message
8.       Hindistan
246 posts
 27 Sep 2011 Tue 12:20 pm

You are a hero teacher tunci...you constantly think what could help learners...

Thanks a ton for your effort.....{#emotions_dlg.flowers}

handbbayik and heve liked this message
9.       tunci
7149 posts
 27 Sep 2011 Tue 12:25 pm

 

Quoting Abla

Hello, tunci, nice new thread. The transparency of Turkish words is amazing and it´s good you explain it to us learners.

It also rises up a rhetoric question. As in Turkish (and in other agglutivative languages) many words are produced from the same stems, is it that in these languages the grammar book is thicker and the dictionary book is thinner than in English, for instance?

 

 Hello Abla, thats a very good question. I never thought that question before. In my opinion Most Turkish words are open to develop and transform into new words by adding suffixes. We need to look at the historical development of Turkish language , In Ottoman times unfortunately Turkish was neglected and influenced by other languages [ Arabic, Farisi] but since M.Kemal Ataturk brought reforms and purification into Turkish it restarted improving. So , new words were added into Turkish dictionary. In my opinion that purification should continue as long as Turkish people adapt them into daily life.

Example ;

Yön ---> way, direction

Yönet ---> To give direction, to direct

Yönetici ---> Director

Yönlendirmek ---> To guide,to lead

Yönetim ---> Management, administration

Yöntem ----> Method, the way

Yönelik ------> intended, aimed at

Yönetmelik ---> regulations

 

 

 

 

 

 

Moha-ios, heve and Hindistan liked this message
10.       si++
3785 posts
 27 Sep 2011 Tue 02:57 pm

 

Quoting tunci

 

This suffix -man [-men] makes some verbs nouns. [note ; not all verbs, some verbs ! ]

The Formula is ;

 Verb stem + man [men] according to vowel harmony

Danışmak --->  To counsult, to advice   ----  Danışman --->  Consultant, adviser

Öğretmek ---> To teach   ------  Öğretmen ---> Teacher

Eğitmek  -----> To educate  ----  Eğitmen  -----> Educater

Göçmek  ------> To immigrate ---> Göçmen  ---> Immigrant

Seçmek -------> To choose, to elect,to vote -----> Seçmen ----> Voter [in elections]

Yönetmek ------> To manage, to direct  ------> Yönetmen  ----->  Director [ in films]

Şişmek  ---------> To swell, to get fat    ------>  Şişman -------->  Fat

Saymak ---------->  To count -------> Sayman -----> Accountant

 

 

 

 

 

 

Except for şişman, these are new inventions as a result of language reform. But it´s actually an effort of imitating English -man suffix.

snowman, showman, salesman etc.

 

As for şişman, it may be another suffix for noun stems.

şiş-man

deliş-men

köle-men

koca-man

Türk-men

ata-man

etc.

heve liked this message
(55 Messages in 6 pages - View all)
[1] 2 3 4 5 6
Add reply to this discussion




Turkish Dictionary
Turkish Chat
Open mini chat
New in Forums
24 HOUR FLASH SALE for learning Turkish e-...
qdemir: ...
Grammar Textbook
qdemir: ...
E-T: I see you have done this before?
harp00n: Bunu ... daha önce de ... Bu konuda iyi olduğun ç...
E-T: It´s one of the things on my bu...
denizli: hmmm I ... think there are suffixes ... nor ... But I know wha...
T-E
og2009: ...
T-E
og2009: ...
coronavirus
og2009: ...
OUR FRIENDS
og2009: ...
Coronavirus
harp00n: ...
TLC servers hacked, all user emails & pass...
alerque: This sites entire user database seems to have been hacked, I´m ...
T-E
og2009: ...
Individually Tailored Private Turkish Less...
sumrutemur: Do you want to learn Turkish? Do you want to improve your speaking, wr...
Random Pictures of Turkey
Add thumbnails like this to your site
Most liked